ENGR297 Test 1

todameme's version from 2016-05-19 17:42

Section 1

Question Answer
Define: Internalist
Strengths: Internalist
Shortcomings: Internalist
Define: Contextualist
Strengths: Contextualist
Shortcomings: Contextualist

Section 2

Question Answer
Name the challenges of studying technology. (General)
What are the 5 lenses of studying technology.
Define: Technology as Practice
Strengths: Technology as Practice
Shortcomings: Technology as Practice
Define: techne
Define: episteme
How do techne and episteme compare as ideologies.
What was Socrates' view on techne.
What was Aristotle's view on techne.

Section 3

Question Answer
Define: STS.
What was the focus of STS with regards to society and technology.
What was the antiquity view of time.
What was St. Augustine's view of time.
What did the Humanist movement look like? (Members, goals, actions)
Describe: Petrarch.
Describe: Dante Alighieri
Describe: St. Augustine.
Define: Utopian view.
Define: Dystopian view.
Define: Luddite.

Section 4

Question Answer
Name the challenges of studying technology. (History)
What was the gap in time and space?
How might an internalist approach the gap in time and space?
How might a contextualist approach the gap in time and space?
Define: artifact.
What was the importance of cooking in human history?
Define: Neolithic Revolution.
Define: cuneiform.
What were the pros and cons of the introduction of grains into human society?
Give a brief history of writing and its evolution? (Cultures, locations, physical changes)
What was so notable about how the Greeks treated writing when it was introduced to them?

Section 5

Question Answer
What were Heidegger's two definitions/aspects of "technology."
Define: standing-reserve.
In Heidegger's opinion, how did technology change between times of antiquity, and modern times.
What was Francis Bacon's unique view on technology?
Define: "science as technology"
What are some examples or applications of "science as technology."