English Rhetorically Accurate Sept 15 2015

jackreynolds543's version from 2015-09-15 04:26

Section 1

Question Answer
Amiablehaving or showing pleasant or good natured qualities
benevolentwell meaning and kindly
compassionatefeeling or showing sympathy or concern for others
apatheticshowing or feeling no interest or concern
audaciousshowing a willingness to take surprisingly bold risks
belligerenthostile and aggressive
banteringthe playful and teasing exchange of playful remarks
causticsarcastic in a scathing and bitter way
contemptuousscornful, mocking, sneering
disdainfullack of respect

Section 2

Question Answer
accentuatesmake more noticeable or prominent
advocatespleading on someone's behalf; publicly supporting a cause
championedfighting for a cause; defeating odds
chroniclesthe act of describing a particular series of events
deducesarrive at a conclusion by reasoning
delineatesdescribe or define something precisely
elicitsevokes or draws out a response
elucidatesmake something clear; explains
inundatesoverwhelm someone with things or people that must be done or dealt with
juxtaposesplace close together for contrasting effect
lampoonspublicly criticize someone or something by using sarcasm, irony or ridicule

Section 3

Question Answer
PolysyndetonThe addition of conjunctions (almost commonly and and or) in a passage that could otherwise have been omitted - Purpose: to emphasize the importance of the items being listed, to convey a mood. etc. Rhythmically, it is not only an equalizer of meaning, but also an equalizer of tempo. It creates a feeling of endless continuity or breathlessness because all of those things are happening one right after the other. We get the feeling that the writer could go on.
AsyndetonThe omission of normally occurring conjunctions in successive phrases or clauses- Purpose: to create the effect of speeding up a passage; can build a climatic effect; at times draws attention to diction, helps sometimes with characterization, etc
EponymSubstitutes for a particular attribute the name of a famous person recognized for that attribute. By their nature they often border on the cliche, but many times they can be useful without seeming too obviously trite. Finding new or infrequently used ones is best, though hard, because the name - and - attribute relationship needs to be well established. Over time, the name of a well-known person (such as Machiavelli, 16th century of The Prince) may come to stand for an attribute associated with that person (in Machiavelli's case, cunning and duplicity)
zeugmaThe act of using a word, particularly an adjective or verb, to apply to more than one noun when its sense is appropriate to only one.
EpanalepsisRepeating the beginning word of a clause or sentence at the end. The beginning and the end are the two positions of strongest emphasis in a sentence, so by having the sen work in both places, you call special attention to it; Many writers use this rhetorical technique in a kind of "yes, but" construction to cite the common ground or admit a truth and then to show how the truth relates to a more important context.
ApophasisFrom the Greek work "to deny". Mentioning something by saying it won't be mentioned. Denying any intention to talk or write about something, but making the denial in such a way that the subject is actually discussed.
EllipsisThe omission of one or more words, which must be supplied ( and implied) by the listener/reader - purpose; "When well used this strategy can create a bond between the writer and reader. The writer is saying, in effect, I needn't spell everything out for you; i know you'll understand." (Martha Kollin, Rhetorical Grammar)
AnadiplosisFigure of repetition that occurs when the last word or terms in one sentence, clause, or phase is/are repeated at or very near the beginning of the next sentence, clause, or phrase. From the Greek meaning "doubling back"
ClimaxMounting by degrees through words or sentences of increasing weight and in parallel construction, with an emphasis on the high point or culmination of an experience or series of events.
EpizeuxisThe repetition of one word multiple times for emphasis

Section 4

Question Answer
Zeugma"He carried a strobe light and the responsibility for the lives of his men." (Tim O'Brian, The Things They Carried.)
Epanalepsis"In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God." John 1;1-2
Polysyndeton"He was a bag of bones, a floppy doll, a broken stick, a maniac." Jack Kerouac
Asyndeton"Some people go to priests; others to priests; other to poetry; i to my friends." Virginia Wolf
Anadiplosis"Fear is the path to the dark side. Fear leads to anger. Anger leads to hate. Hate leads to suffering. I sense much fear in you." Yoda From Star War
zeugma"You are free to execute you laws, and your citizens, as you see fit," Star Trek
Epanalepsis"To report that your committee is still investigating the matter is to tell me that you have nothing to report."
EponymThe concerto was applauded at the house of Baron von Schnooty, it was praised highly at court, it was voted best concerto of the year by the Academy, it was considered by Mozart the highlight of his career, and it has become known today as the best concerto in the world.
Asyndeton"The European soldiers killed six of the remaining villagers, the American soldiers, eight."
Epizeuxis'I along with millions -scores of millions - Americans, will pray, pray, pray for the safety of our troops."
Eponym"Let's not Rumsfeld Afghanistan" Senator Graham
Anadiplosis"The land of my fathers. My fathers can have it." Dylan Thomas of Wales
Polysyndeton"Most motor - cars are conglomerations (this is a long word for bundles) of steel and wire and rubber and plastic, and electricity and oil and petrol and water, and the toffee papers you pushed down the crack in the back seat last Sunday" Chiity Chitty Bang Bang
Epanalepsis"The theory sounds all wrong, but if the machine works, we cannot worry about theory.