English lit. devices

charlotteamannt's version from 2016-10-05 22:06

Section 1

Question Answer
Allegorytype of narrative that makes literal sense in its own right but also has a double meaning
Alliterationrep of sounds: vowels, consonants or s,sh sounds
Ambiguitywords, phrases or whole texts which have several or unclear meanings
AssonanceRep of vowel sounds
SibilanceRep of S,Sh sounds
blank verseunrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
Chorusa character or group in a play who comments on the action
Comedynowadays works that make us laugh, used to be work with happy ending
Compound wordsputting 2 unrelated words together (sea-dog, white-mossed
Deconotation, Connotationde: dictionary definition of a word, co: suggestion or implication evoked by a word
Couplet2 lines of poetry together, rhyming couplet: 2 lines that rhyme
ConsonanceRepetition of consonants
Allusionto make reference to (hint to)
Iambic pentameterline of poetry made up of 10 syllables with alternating light or heavy beats

Section 2

Question Answer
dialogue2 or more character speaking to each other
dictionvocabulary chosen by a writer
dramatic ironythe audience knows something that the characters do not
formthe shape or pattern in which a poem is written
free versepeotry which seems to have no set pattern, stanzas or rhyme scheme
hyperbolehuge exaggeration or overstatement
imagerywriting that creates a picture in the mind, usually by comparison
verbal ironysaying on thing but meaning the opposite
juxstapositionputting 2 things side by side in order to show a relationship between them
foil2 opposite characters in a way that allows us to learn something about both of them
metrea regular rhythm in verse: the measurment of poetry
moodoverall feeling generated by a written or spoken piece

Section 3

Question Answer
narrativea story: it can be a novel, short story, poem or spoken
onomatopoeiawords which describe sounds and also sound like what they're describing
oxymoronthe linking together of opposite words
paradoxthe joining together of ideas or concepts which appear to be contradicted but actually make sense in another way, dif to oxymoron: can be a sentence
parodythe style of an author or work is imitated and either matched to a trivial subject or exaggerated for comic purposes
personificationgiving human attributes to objects
prosepiece of continuous writing which is not verse or dialogue
punplay on words which sound similar or same which is usually used for comic effect
quatrain4 lines of poetry
rhyme schemethe distinctive pattern or rhyme in a poem
satirea work attacks or criticises something by holding it to ridicule

Section 4

Question Answer
sonnetpoem of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter
stanzasections of poetry comprimising a group of verse lines
symbolismobjects that are used to represent something else
themethe central idea or message the writer is trying to put across
tonehow the text is presented. Tone or voice
tragedywork with unhappy ending. It must be serious and often shows the downfall of a great character
tragic heroprotagonist who begins as great character and is destroyed by a combination of a fatal flaw in his character and the workings of fate
cacophonyusing harsh sounding words
euphonyusing soft sounding words
repetitionwork that repeats the same words or phrases a few times to make an idea clearer
analogydrawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
structureorganization of a poem, number of stanza, number of lines per stanza, length of lines
content, form thesiscontent: what is being sad, central message/ form: how it's being said, lit devices
caesurebreak of rhythm within a line of poetry

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