English Exam 2016

hasanahatesenglish's version from 2016-06-28 11:48

Poetry Terms

Question Answer
alliterationoccurence of the same letter/sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words
allusionto allude to, making a reference
emjambementcontinuation ora sentence/clause over a line break in a poem
quatraina stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymes.
iambic pentameterway to rhyme 10 syllables in each line
imageryexternal form of a person or thing in art
scansionrhythm of a line of verse
meterarrangement of words in poetry by rhythm
blank verseverse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter.
sonnetmeans a small or little song or lyric
rhymerepetition of similar sounding words occurring at the end of lines in poems
connotationimplied by a word apart from the thing which describes explicitly
ambiguityAmbiguity is the quality of having more than one meaning
similecompare two things
haikujapanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five
metonymy type of metaphor in which an object is used to describe something that's closely related to it. talking about the power of a king, say "the crown," instead.
dissonanceharsh sounds words in poetry
cacophonyharsh mixture of sunds
personification a figure of speech in which a thing, an idea or an animal is given human attributes.
stanzadivision of four or more lines having a fixed length, meter or rhyming scheme.
free versepoetry that does not have regular meter or rhyming scheme
hyperboleexaggerated statements and claims to not be taken literally
couplettwo lines in a verse, usually rhyming
irony figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words.
assonance repetition of vowel sounds to create internal rhyming within phrases or sentences
ballada poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas.
lyricexpressing the writer's emotions, usually briefly and in stanzas or recognized forms
concrete poetry which effects are created by the physical arrangement of words in patterns or forms rather than by the use of traditional

Terms about Prejudice and Racism

Question Answer
xenophobiaintense hate or fear of people from other countries
etnophaolismethic/racial slur. points out (often physical) feature of the group being derided.
biasprejudice in favor of/or against one thing/person/ or group compared with another
ethnocentrismevalution of other cultures according to assumptions originating in the standards and customs of ones own culture.
antilocationform of discrimination in which negative verbal remarks against a person, group, community are made public or privately. NOT ADDRESSED DIRECTLY TO TARGET.

Most Common Prejudices

Question Answer
Ageold people are thought to be not useful and stuck in the past, while younger people are seen as inexperienced and naive. 1/5 of working adults say they experience ageism in workplaces.
Classtakes the form of discrimination by wealthier people against those who are less well off. goes both ways. low economy people can see wealthy people as elite snobs when they are not finically secure and bankrupt.
Colordifferent from racism. discrimination based solely on skin colour, how light or dark they are. common in multi-ethnic and non-white societies and societies with historical racial prejudice. most advantaged are light skinned.
Abilitydiscrimination against people with visible disabilities (wheelchairs, learning disability) faced by peers, institutions, schools, employers and landowners.
Sex/Gendermost universal and long running prejudice. usually placed men with more advantage than women.
Weight/SizeSizeism works with social standards of beauty.
Religionprejudice based on religious affliation doesn't end with organized religion.
Sexual OrientationDiscrimination against those of a non-heterosexual orientation (homo or bi) some societies this is open and tolerable, but in most western societies bias against them is more discrete.
Country of OriginAgainst immigrants to a country.


Recent badges