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Endocrine system

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nulujame's version from 2017-03-30 02:39

Section 1

Question Answer
hypothalamusGHRH(growth hormone-releasing hormone)
hypothalamusGnRH(gonadotropin releasing hormone)
hypothalamusTRH(thyroid-releasing hormone)
pituitary glandGH(growth hormone)
pituitary glandTSH(thyroid-stimulating hormone)
pituitary glandFSH(follicle-simulating hormone)
pituitary glandLH(luteinizing hormone)
pituitary glandPRL(prolactin)
pituitary glandACTH(adrenocorticotropic hormone)
pituitary glandADH(antidiuretic hormone)
pituitary glandOXY(oxytocin)
thyroid glandT4(throxin) &T3(triiodothyronine)
thyroid glandcalcitonin
parathyroid glandPTH(parathyroid hormone)
thymusthymosin
adrenal glandsepinephrine &norepinephrine
adrenal glandsaldosterone
adrenal glandscortisol
pancreasinsulin
pancreasglucagon
ovariesestrogen &progesterone
testestestosterone
pineal glandmelatonin
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
growth hormone-releasing hormone(GHRH)pituitary gland to release GH
gonadotropin releasing hormone(GnRH)gonads to release hormones that control reproductive system
thyroid-releasing hormone(TRH)pituitary gland to release TSH
growth hormone(GH)cell divison/growth
thyroid-stimulating hormone(TSH)stimulates production of thyroid hormones
luteinizing hormone(LH)stimulates ovaries/testes to relase their hormone
prolactin(PRL)promotes milk sercretion
adrenocorticotropic(ACTH)stimulates the production of cortisol from adrenal gland
antidiuretic hormone(ADH)absorbtion of water from kidneys
oxytocin(OXY)labor/milk flow
throxin(T4) &triiodothyronine(T3)increases metabolism/person's energy
calcitoninremoves calcium
parathyroid hormone(PTH)releases calcium
thymosinstimulates reproduction/maturation of t cells
epinephrine &norepinephrinehelps deal with stress
aldosteroneregulates sodium and potassium
cortisolhelps body resistance to stress
insulinlowers blood glucose levels
glucagonraises blood glucose levels
estrogen &progesterone2ndary sex characteristics
testosterone2ndary sex characteristics
melatoninsleep/wake cycle
follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH)stimulates ovaries/testes to produce eggs/sperm
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
pituitary gland disorderdwarfism(hypo,childhood)
pituitary gland disordergigantism(hyper,childhood)
pituitary gland disorderacromegaly(hyper,adulthood)
thyroid gland disordergioter(need iodine in diet)
thyroid gland disordergraves' disease(hyper)
thyroid gland disorderhashimoto's disease(hypo)
adrenal gland disordercushing's disease(hyper of cortisol)
adrenal gland disorderaddison's disease(hypo of aldosterone and cortisol)
pancreatic disorderdiabetes(type1, type2, gestational)
memorize

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