EMT The Human Body

eliatidsda's version from 2016-09-11 20:21

Anatomical Positions Pt 1

Question Answer
The position which the body stands facing you with palms outward feet forwardAnatomical position
The front part of the body Anterior
The back portion of the bodyPosterior
Line drawn down the middle of the body from the forehead to the floor between the feet.Midline
Line drawn vertically through the middle portion of the clavicle and parallel to the midlineMidclavicular Line
Part of the body near the head portionSuperior
Part of the body closer to the feetInferior
Parts of the body that lie farther from the midline Lateral
Parts of the body that lie closer to the midlineMedial
Structures that are closer to the trunk are consideredProximal
Structures that are away from the trunk are consideredDistal


Anatomical Positions Pt 2
Question Answer
Injury to the skin closes to the epidermis is consideredSuperficial
Injury further into the skin towards the dermis are consideredDeep
Belly side of the body is consideredVentral
The Spine side of the body is considered Dorsal
The bending of a joint Flexion
the straightening of a joint Extension
Motion towards the midline adduction
Motion away from the midline Abduction
When describing two Body parts that appears pn both sides of the midline they are bilateral
Structures that only appear on one side of the body unilateraly

Anatomical Positions Pt 3

Question Answer
Body facing face down Prone postion
Body facing face up Supine position
Position where the head is elevated for better breathing Fowlers Position
Position where the legs are higher than the head Trendelenburgs position

Head and Spine

Question Answer
How many bones are in the human body206
The most posterior part of the cranium is called the Occiput
On each side of the cranium the lateral portions are the temples or called the Temporal regions
The neck is supported by the _____Cervical Spine
There are how many vertebres in the cervical spine7
What is the # order of the spine for sections 7, 12, 5, 5, 4
How many vertebre make up the spine?33
List the areas of the spine in orderCervical, Thorasic, Lumbar, Sacrum, coccyx
Vertebre are connected by Ligaments


Question Answer
The Thorax is known as the Chest cavity
The Thoracic area of the spine has how many vertebrae 12
The inferior boundary of the thorax is the Diaphragm
The diaphragm seperates the Thorax from the Abdomen

Thorax Pt 2

Question Answer
The Dimensions of the Thorax are defined by the Thoracic cage
the 11th and 12th ribs are called Floating ribs
The Diaphragm explained in movement Expands and moves downwards when a breath is taken
Within the Thoracic Cage the largest organs are? The heart and lungs
the top portion of the sternum is called The jugular notch

The abdomen

Question Answer
The most second largest cavity of the body is the ?The Abdomen
What major organs are in the upper right quadrant The liver, gallbladder, and portion of colon
Injuries in the upper right quadrant usually are with this? The Liver.
What major organs are in the upper left quadrant? Stomach, spleen, portion of colon
This organ in the upper left Q is frequently injured when ribs are fractured The Spleen
What organs are in the lower right Q Large Intestine, Small intestine and appendix
The ______ lies posterial in the abdominal cavity behind the other organs in the two upper Q's Pancreas
What side of the heart is the inferior vena cavaRight
What side of the heart is the Aortaleft


Question Answer
The pelvis consists of 3 bones what are they? The sacrum, and two pelvic bones
The femoral artery can be palpated as it enters the ______ from the pelvic region Thigh
What is the name to the major nerve to the lower extremities Sciatic Nerve entering from pelvic region

Lower Extremeties

Question Answer
What are the three main parts of the lower extremities thigh, leg, foot
The hip bone is also knows as the _____Greater trochanter
when doing assessments always compare both sides of the Hip Bone the Greater trochanter
Another name for thigh bone Femur
The ______ is the longest and strongest gone of the body Femur
What is considered the largest "joint" in the body the knee
what bone is behind the kneepatella
the leg is composed of two major bonesThe fibula and Tibia
The tibia lies on the _______ side Where as the fibula lies on the ____ sideAnterior posterior
The _____ is the large bone you feel down the legFibula

Upper Extremetis

Question Answer
The upper extremety extends from the ____ to the ____ Shoulder Griddle to the fingertips
the shoulder griddle contains three bones The Clavicle, Scapula and humerus
Of the Unla and Radius the _____ is the bone that rotates making the hand move radius
Which is the top bone, radius or ulnaRadius
The _____ connect to the metacarpals before making the finger joints Phalanges
The shoulder is considered a ____ _____ Ball and socket joint
Fingers, elbows and knees are considered a ____ ____ Hinge joint


Question Answer
there are more than ___ muscles in the musculoskeletal system 600
Skeletal muscle does what? attaches to bones of the body
An example of voluntary muscle is _____ Arm movement
Arterial blood bring ____ and _____ to musclesoxygen nutrients
_____ carry away wast product of the muscles Veins
Smooth muscle works on its own, few examples are digestive system, veing arteries bronchi of the lungs

Respiratory System





Question Answer
HBronchial tubes
Iright lung
Jleft lung

Exterior of the heart



ARight Coronary
BLeft Anterior Descending
CLeft Circumflex
DSuperior Vena Cava
EInferior Vena Cava
GPulmonary Artery
HPulmonary Vein

Interior Heart



ARight Atrium
BRight Ventricle
CLeft Atrium
DLeft Ventricle
EPapillary Muscles
FChordae Tendineae
GTricuspid Valve
HMitral Valve
IPulmonary Valve

Workings of the heart

Question Answer
The _____ ____ _____ is one of the two main veins bringing de-oxygenated blood from the body to the heart. superior vena cava
Veins from the head and upper body feed into the superior vena cava, which empties into the _____ ______ of the heart. right atrium
Veins from the legs and lower torso feed into the ____ ____, which goes into the _____ _____ inferior vena cava , right atrium
The _____ carries oxygen-rich blood from the left ventricle to the various parts of the body aorta
the ______ _______ transports de-oxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs Pulmonary Artery
The _____ ______ is the vessel transporting oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the left atrium. pulmonary vein
The right atrium receives de-oxygenated blood from the body through the ______ _____ ____ and the _______ ______ _____ superior vena cava and inferior vena cava
The _____ ______receives oxygenated blood from the lungs through the pulmonary vein left atrium


Question Answer
The usual resting heart rate for an adult is60 to 100 bpm
Heart beat for a child is70 to 120
heart rate for an toddler is90 to 150
Heart rate for an infant is 100 to 160
The ____ _____ Carries blood fromt he left ventricle to the lungs Pulmonary Artery
______ is the circulation of blood to meet the bodies needsPerfusion
The heart recives blood from the veins in the _____ Side Right
Inferior Vena Cavae in the pelvis is to the ______rear
Descending arota in the pelvis is to the _____ Front

Other Stuff

Question Answer
The ______ ______ releases hormones , adrenaline and insulin to control the body Endrocrine System
the three parts of the brain are the Cerebrum, Brain Stem, Cerebellum

Pelvic region

Question Answer
The Illiac crest is the top region of the pelvic bone ridge line
The Illium us the Main portion of the pelvic bones