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EMT Medical Terminology

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jpwolfe's version from 2017-06-02 17:39

Common Word Roots

Question Answer
cardi/oheart
hepatliver
nephr/okidney
neur/onerves
psych/omind
thoracchest
lingutongue
my/omuscle
oste/obone
arthr/ojoint
myel/obone marrow or spinal cord
ather/ofatty plaque
arteri/oartery
myc/ofungus
py/opuss
pyr/oheat, fire
pulm/o-lung
cyto-cell
rhin/onose
nas/onose
pedfoot
digifinger or toes
manhand
dermskin
costorib
carpwrist
cervicneck
venavein
gastrostomach
memorize

Common prefixes

Question Answer
hyperover, excessive, high
hypounder, below normal
tachyrapid, fast
bradyslow
prebefore
postafter, behind
ab-to move away from something
ad-encouraged toward something
dys-difficult or bad
eu-good or easy
endo-inside
hydro-water
micro-small
neo-new
peri-around
omni-all
trans-across
mal-bad
anti-against
poly-many
myo-muscle
memorize

Common Suffixes

Question Answer
-alpertaining to
-algiapertaining to pain
-ectomysurgical removal of
-icpertaining to
-itisinflamation
-logystudy of
-logistspecialist
-megalyenlargement
-metermeasuring instrument
-omatumor (usually referring to cancer)
-pathydisease
-aseenzyme
-genesisbeginning
-oidlike
-philialove of
-phobiafear of
-arypertaining to
-iacondition of
-ationa process
memorize

Common Number Prefixes

Question Answer
uni-one
dipl-two, double
null-none
primi-first
multi-many
bi-two
tri-three
quad-four
tetra-four
quint-five
sexti-six
septi-seven
oct-eight
nona-nine
deca-ten
semi-half, partial
hemi-half; one sided
ambi-both
pan-all, entire
memorize

Roots That Describe Color

Question Answer
cyan/oblue
leuk/owhite
erythr/ored
cirrh/oyellow-orange
melan/oblack
poli/ogray
albwhite
chlor/ogreen
memorize

Word Analysis and Definition

bronchitis ; S/ -itis inflammation