EMT Legal Quiz

pandora's version from 2012-02-13 21:10

Basic Medical/Legal


Question Answer
Which of the following scenarios MOST accurately depicts abandonment?: a) Paramedic transfers patient care to an EMT-B; b) Physician assumes patient care from an EMT-B; c) EMT-B gives a verbal report to an ER nurse; d) EMT-I transfers patient care to a paramedica) Paramedic transfers patient care to an EMT-B
What section of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) MOST affects EMS personnel?Protecting patient privacy
In some states, where may a person indicate his or her wishes to become an organ donor?Driver's license
At the scene of a mass-casualty incident, you identify a patient as an organ donor. When triaging the other patients, you:may have to assign the donor patient a lower triage priority
In order for a do not resuscitate (DNR) order to be valid, it must:clearly state the patient's medical problem
Definition of negligence:Deviation from the standard of care that may result in further injury
In the eyes of the court, an incomplete or untidy patient care form indicatesthat inadequate patient care was administered
What components are needed to prove negligence?Duty to act, breach of duty, injury/damages, and causation
To minimize the risk of litigation, the EMT-B should always:provide competent care that meets current standards
Putrefaction is defined as:decomposition of the body's tissues.
What type of consent allows treatment of a patient who is unconscious or mentally incapacitated?Implied consent
Which of the following general statements regarding consent is MOST correct?: a) A patient can consent to transport but can legally refuse to be treated; b) Patients who are intoxicated are generally allowed to refuse treatment; c) All patients over 18 years of age can legally refuse treatment or transport; d) Expressed consent is valid only if given in writing by a family membera) A patient can consent to transport but can legally refuse to be treated
Which of the following information is NOT considered confidential?: a) Assessment findings; b) Patient history; c) Treatment rendered; d) Location of the calld) Location of the call
When faced with a situation in which a patient is in cardiac arrest, and a valid living will or do not resuscitate (DNR) order cannot be located, you should:begin resuscitation at once
In many states, a minor may be treated as an adult for the purpose of consenting to or refusing medical treatment if the minor:is married and lives independent of his or her parents
Two EMT-Bs witnessed a call in which a coworker gave adequate medical care but ignored the patient's emotional needs. The coworker was deliberately rude solely because the patient was thought to be infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The EMT-Bs ignored the coworker's treatment of this patient and took no steps to prevent this behavior from happening again. This lack of action on the part of the two EMT-Bs is considered:legal but unethical
The manner in which the EMT-B must act or behave when caring for a patient is called the:standard of care
Maintaining the chain of evidence at the scene of a crime should include:not cutting through holes in clothing that were caused by weapons
Which of the following situations requires you to notify the appropriate authorities?: a) Accidental knife wound; b) Drug overdose; c) Attempted suicide; d) Cardiac arrestc) Attempted suicide
Your BEST protection against legal liability when a competent patient refuses EMS care and transport is to:thoroughly document the entire event
When caring for a 65-year-old male with respiratory distress, you place him in a comfortable position, but do not apply oxygen. The patient's condition continues to deteriorate and he develops cardiac arrest and dies at the hospital. This scenario is an example of:negligence
While transporting a stable patient with chest pain to the hospital, you come across a major motor-vehicle crash involving several critically injured patients. Your MOST appropriate action should be to:continue transporting your patient and notify the dispatcher of the crash
Which of the following statements regarding the Good Samaritan Law is correct?: a) It provides the EMT-B immunity from a lawsuit; b) It guarantees that you will not be held liable if sued; c) It will not protect you in cases of gross negligence; d) The law does not protect EMT-Bs who are off dutyc) It will not protect you in cases of gross negligence
When performing his or her duties, the EMT-B is generally expected to:exercise reasonable care and act prudently
Acting in such a way as to make another person fear immediate bodily harm is called:Assault
As an EMT-B, the performance of your duties will be compared to that of:another EMT-B
In which of the following situations does the EMT-B NOT have a legal duty to act?: a) You come upon a motor-vehicle crash while off duty; b) You begin caring for an injured patient while off duty; c) You respond to the residence of a patient who fell; d) Local policy requires you to assist in any emergencya) You come upon a motor-vehicle crash while off duty
The EMT-B would MOST likely be held liable for abandonment if he or she:did not make provisions for continued care of an injured patient
The EMT-B's scope of practice within his or her local response area is defined by the:medical director

Additional Medical/Legal

Question Answer
Mentally competent adults of legal age who accept care from an EMS crew are said to give _____ consent.expressed
EMS personnel can treat unconscious patients because the law holds that rational patients would consent to treatment if they were conscious. This principle is known as _____ consent.implied
Minors who are married or of a certain age and who are legally able to give consent for medical care are known asemancipated
When a patient refuses care, he or she must sign a(n)release from liability form
A legal document, usually signed by the patient and his physician, which states that the patient has a terminal illness and does not wish to prolong life through resuscitative efforts, is called a(n)DNR order
A person whom the signer of a document names to make health care decisions for her in case the signer is unable to make such decisions for herself is called a(n)proxy
Legislative measures intended to provide legal protection for citizens and some health care personnel who administer emergency care are known asGood Samaritan laws
An EMT’s obligation in certain situations to provide care to a patient is referred to as a(n)duty to act

Critical Thinking

Question Answer
What type of consent is involved when a 39-year-old mentally competent female with a severe headache asks you to take her to the hospital?Expressed
Which of the following scenarios MOST accurately depicts informed consent?: a) A patient advises an EMT-B of why he or she is refusing care; b) An EMT-B initiates immediate care for an unconscious adult; c) A patient is advised by an EMT-B of the risks of refusing care; d) An EMT-B advises a patient of the risks of receiving treatmentd) An EMT-B advises a patient of the risks of receiving treatment
You have been tasked by your medical director to assist in the development of your EMS agency's institutional standards. When developing these standards, it is important to:be reasonable and realistic to avoid overburdening your personnel.
You and your partner are the first to arrive at a potential crime scene with a critically injured patient involved. The scene is safe. Your first priority is to:provide immediate patient care
You suspect that a pregnant 16-year-old girl has a broken leg after she was hit by a car. You explain that you plan to splint her leg, and she agrees to treatment. What type of consent is her agreement considered?Expressed
You arrive at the scene of a motor vehicle versus pedestrian accident. The patient, a 13-year-old male, is unconscious and has multiple injuries. As you are treating the child, a law enforcement officer advises you that the child's parents will be at the scene in approximately 15 minutes. What should you do?Transport the child immediately and have the parents meet you at the hospital
You are dispatched to an office building for a 49-year-old male with chest pain. When you arrive at the scene, you find the patient to be conscious and alert, but in obvious pain. He tells you that he did not call 9-1-1, a coworker did. He further states that he does not want to be treated or transported to the hospital. You should:ensure that he is aware of the risks of refusing medical care
In which of the following circumstances can the EMT-B legally release confidential patient information?: a) A police officer requests a copy to place on file; b) A media representative inquires about the patient; c) The family requests a copy for insurance purposes; d) The patient is competent and signs a release formd) The patient is competent and signs a release form
You respond to the home of a 59-year-old man who is unconscious, has slow, shallow breathing, and a weak pulse. The family states that the patient has terminal brain cancer and does not wish to be resuscitated. They further state that there is a do not resuscitate (DNR) order for this patient; however, they are unable to locate it. You should:begin treatment and contact medical control as needed
You are treating a man with a closed head injury following an assault by a burglar. The patient, who has slurred speech, becomes verbally abusive and tells you to "leave him alone." You should:proceed with treatment and utilize law enforcement if necessary
You arrive at the scene of an apparent death. When evaluating the patient, which of the following is a definitive sign of death?: a) Dependent lividity; b) Absence of a pulse; c) Profound cyanosis; d) Absent breath soundsa) Dependent lividity
A patient partially regains consciousness en route from his office to the emergency department. Although somewhat confused, the patient tells you that he feels fine and does not want to go to the hospital. Under these circumstances, you should:assess whether or not the patient's mental condition is impaired
You suspect that a 6-year-old girl has broken her leg after falling from a swing at a playground. Shortly after you arrive, the child's mother appears and refuses to allow you to continue treatment. You should:try to persuade the mother that treatment is needed

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