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EMT Infants & Children Quiz

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gelliebeen's version from 2012-04-09 17:46

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Question Answer
Hyperthermia differs from fever in that it is an increase in body temperaturecaused by inability of the body to cool itself
When caring for an infant who was found apneic and cyanotic and was resuscitated by the parent or caregiver, you shouldtransport the infant to the hospital.
The MOST common cause of dehydration in children isvomiting and diarrhea.
When caring for an ill 5-year-old male, you shouldavoid separating him from his parents or caregivers when possible.
Pale skin in a child indicates that theblood vessels near the skin are constricted.
A tube from the brain to the abdomen that drains excessive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is called ashunt
Causes of infant death that may be mistaken for SIDS include all of the following, EXCEPT: a) meningitis b) severe infection c) hyperglycemia d) child abusehyperglycemia
Which of the following factors is associated with the lowest risk of meningitis? (Needs options)Female gender
Because a tracheostomy tube bypasses the nose and mouthsecretions can build up in and around the tube
Greenstick fractures occur in infants and children becausetheir bones bend more easily than an adult's.
Death caused by shaken baby syndrome is usually the result ofintracranial bleeding
Which of the following should make you MOST suspicious for child abuse? a) Willingness of the child to speak b) Worried or crying parents c) A laceration to the child's chin d) Bruises in various stages of healingd) Bruises in various stages of healing
Children with Neisseria meningitidis (N. meningitidis) would MOST likely present withcherry-red spots or a purplish rash
When assessing or treating an adolescent patient, it is important to remember thatthey usually do not wish to be observed during a procedure
The first month of life after birth is MOST appropriately referred to as theneonatal period
An infant's fontanels should close completely by the time he or she is18 months old
When caring for a child with suspected meningitis, it is MOST important for the EMT-B toadhere to BSI precautions
When a child experiences a blunt injury to the abdomenhe or she can compensate for blood loss better than adults.
A child may begin to show signs of stranger anxiety as early as12 months
Common complications associated with central intravenous (IV) lines include all of the following, EXCEPT: a) clotting of the line b) rupture of a central vein c) bleeding around the line d) a local infectionb) rupture of a central vein
Risk factors for SIDS include all of the following, EXCEPT: a) babies who were put to sleep on their back b) low weight of the baby at the time of birth c) mother is younger than 20 years of age d) mother smoked cigarettes during pregnancya) babies who were put to sleep on their back
Bruising to the _______ is LEAST suggestive of child abuse.Shins
With regard to the legal implications of child abuseEMT-Bs must report all suspected cases of child abuse
Which of the following statements regarding pediatric trauma is MOST correct? a) Children are less likely than adults to be struck by a car b) Children are more likely to experience diving-related injuries c) The child's head is less frequently injured than an adult's d) Inexperience and poor judgment are rare causes of pediatric traumab) Children are more likely to experience diving-related injuries.
The primary mechanism that a child's body uses to compensate for decreased perfusion isan increase in heart rate
Unless he or she is critically ill or injured, you should generally begin your assessment of a toddlerat the hands or feet
Which of the following statements regarding use of the pneumatic antishock garment (PASG) in children is MOST correct?They are rarely used in treating children with traumatic shock.
The signs and symptoms of poisoning in childrenvary widely, depending on the child's age and weight.
During the attempted resuscitation of an infant with suspected SIDSallow the family to observe if they wish
Burns in children are commonly caused by all of the following, EXCEPT: a) scalding water in a bathtub b) entrapment in a structural fire c) exposure to caustic chemicals d) hot items on a stovetopb) entrapment in a structural fire
Submersion injuries in the adolescent age group are MOST commonly associated withalcohol
A 13-year-old child is on a home ventilator. The parents called because the ventilator is malfunctioning. You shoulddiscontinue the ventilator and ventilate with a BVM device
Febrile seizures are MOST common in children between6 months and 6 years of age.
The EMT-B should be MOST concerned when a child presents with fever anda rash
When questioning the parent of a child who ingested a poisonous substance, which of the following questions would be of LEAST pertinence? a) Why did your child ingest the poison? b) What time did the ingestion occur? c) Do you know what substance was ingested? d) Have you noticed any signs or symptoms?a) Why did your child ingest the poison?
When a child experiences a blunt chest injurythe flexible ribs can be compressed without breaking
Compared to an adult, the diaphragm dictates the amount of air that a child inspires because theintercostal muscles are not well developed.
Which of the following statements regarding preschool-age children is MOST correct? a) The preschool age begins after the child turns 2 years old b) They realize that injuries are not a form of punishment c) They can usually identify painful areas when questioned d) Preschoolers are usually not fearful of pain or separationc) They can usually identify painful areas when questioned.
Critical burns in children includepartial-thickness burns covering greater than 20% of the body surface
When assessing an 8-year old child, you shouldtalk to the child, not just the caregiver
When caring for a female child who has possibly been sexually abused, you shouldhave a female EMT-B accompany her if possible.
Which of the following statements regarding a pediatric patient’s anatomy is correct? (Needs options)Children have a larger, rounder occiput compared to adults
Which of the following statements regarding sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is MOST correct? a) SIDS is most commonly the result of an overwhelming infection b) Most cases of SIDS occur in infants younger than 6 months of age c) The cause of death following SIDS can be established by autopsy d) Certain cases of SIDS are predictable and therefore preventableb) Most cases of SIDS occur in infants younger than 6 months of age.
When a child is struck by a car, the area of the greatest injury depends MOSTLY on thesize of the child and the height of the bumper upon impact
Signs and symptoms of meningitis in the infant or child include all of the following, EXCEPT: a) headache and fever b) an altered mental status c) a stiff or painful neck d) sunken fontanelsd) sunken fontanels
Common causes of seizures in children include all of the following, EXCEPT (Needs options)hyperglycemia
Which of the following is MORE common in children than in adults following a head injury? a) Loss of consciousness b) Seizures and hypoxia c) Nausea and vomiting d) Spinal cord injuryc) Nausea and vomiting
The normal respiratory rate for a newborn should not exceed ____ breaths per minute.60
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