EMT CPR Review

toyividi's version from 2016-02-24 04:52


Question Answer
Which of the following statements regarding ventricular fibrillation (V-Fib) is MOST correct? (Need options)Survival rates decrease by 7% to 10% for each minute that V-Fib persists
When assessing the pulse of an unresponsive infant, you should palpate the _______ artery.Brachial
After establishing that an adult patient is unresponsive, you should open the airway
If gastric distention is interfering with your ability to adequately ventilate a patient, you may have to apply manual pressure to the abdomen
You should deliver chest compressions to an unconscious adult patient in cardiac arrest by compressing the lower third of the sternum
What maneuver should be used to open a patient's airway when a cervical spine injury is suspected?Jaw-thrust
CPR will NOT be effective if the patient is prone
Complications associated with chest compressions include all of the following, EXCEPT a) rib fractures) b) liver laceration) c) a fractured sternum) d) gastric distention)d) gastric distention
A patient should be placed in the recovery position when he or she is unconscious, uninjured, and breathing adequately
During your attempts to dislodge a complete upper airway obstruction in a 30-year-old male, the patient becomes unconscious. You should place him in a supine position
Even when properly performed, external chest compressions will provide only ___% of the blood that is normally pumped by the heart.30
Signs of a sudden complete upper airway obstruction include all of the following, EXCEPT a) forceful coughing b) inability to speak c) acute cyanosis d) grasping the throata) forceful coughing
What is the correct ratio of ventilations to compressions when performing two-rescuer child CPR?2:15
The proper depth of chest compressions on a 9-month-old infant is ½” to 1”
A 60-year-old male is found to be unresponsive, pulseless, and apneic. You should begin CPR until an AED is available
To deliver the appropriate number of chest compressions per minute during one-rescuer adult CPR, you will need to compress the patient's chest about ____ times per minute.100
What is the correct ratio of ventilations to compressions when performing two-rescuer child CPR?1:5
What is the minimum number of chest compressions that should be delivered per minute to a 4-month-old infant?100
When attempting manual removal of a foreign body from an unconscious patient's upper airway, you should perform the tongue-jaw lift
What technique should you use to dislodge a foreign body airway obstruction in a patient who is in an advanced stage of pregnancy or who is very obese?Chest thrusts
Which of the following is considered to be an obvious sign of death and would not require the initiation of CPR? (Need options)Dependent blood pooling
In MOST cases, cardiopulmonary arrest in infants and children is caused by respiratory arrest
When ventilating an apneic patient with a pocket face mask that is not attached to supplemental oxygen, you should deliver each breath while watching for adequate chest rise
Asynchronous CPR is MOST accurately defined as not stopping compressions to deliver ventilations
The MOST appropriate treatment for a patient with a partial upper airway obstruction and adequate air exchange includes administering oxygen and transporting immediately
During two-rescuer CPR, the compressor becomes tired and wants to switch positions. Before the switch is made, the rescuer providing ventilations should give two breaths and then prepare to start compressions
Abdominal thrusts in a conscious patient with a complete upper airway obstruction are performed until he or she loses consciousness
The automated external defibrillator (AED) should be applied to uninjured patients who are pulseless and apneic
Basic life support (BLS) is noninvasive, meaning that it does not involve penetration of the body
When performing CPR on a child, you should compress the chest with the heel of one hand
CPR should be initiated when a valid living will is unavailable
An apneic infant or child should be ventilated ___ times per minute.20
After ___ minutes without oxygen, some brain damage is almost certain.6