EMT - Cardiac Emergencies

hokakafi's version from 2017-10-30 13:31

Section 1

Question Answer
CVD stands for Cardio Vascular Disease
What is the SeptumA wall that divides the heard down the middle into its two sides left and right
The upper chambers of the hearts are calledAtriums
Atrriums ______ blood Recieve
The lower chambers of the heart is calledVentricles
Ventricles _____ blood Pump blood from the heart
The Aorta gets blooed from the Left Ventrilce and pumps it to the body
The ____ cava recieves blood from the head and upper extremetiesSuperior Vena Cava
The _____ Cava recieves blood from the lower extremeties Inferior Vena Cava

Section 2

Question Answer
The Pulmanary Artery pumps blood to the _____Lungs
The Pulmanary Vein brings blood ____ from the lungsBack to the heart
Normal Electricle impulses for the heart start in the _____Sinus Node just above the atria
Eletricle impulses cross the heard through the ____ ______Atrioventricular Nodes AV
The name of the heart muscleMyocardium
In a normal heart increase for blood flow is supplied byDialation of the coronary arteries
blood vessels responsible for delivering oxygentated blood to the heart areCoronary arteries
Coronary arteries feed the heart with fressh O2 and nutrients starting at the ______aorta and travel downwards

Section 3

Question Answer
Subclavian arteries supply blood from the hear to the ______ _______Upper Extremities
The left and right Iliac arteries supply blood to the _____ _____Lower Extremities
The Carotid arteries supply blood to the _____Head, and Brain
Vessels that exchange nutrients and oxygen at the cellular levelCapillaries
Blood re-enters the circulatory system and veins through ______ Venules
Systolic blood pressure isThe maximum pressure exerted by the left ventricle
Diastolic pressure is _ pressure exerted while the left ventricle is at rest

Cardiac Compromise

Question Answer
Another cause of Ischemia is Failure of O2 and Nutrients flowing through the heart, where tissue starts to die
LOW Blood flow problems to the heart is usually caused by Atherosclerosis - Cholesterol build up and hardening of the arteries
A blockage of a coronary artery is called an _____Occlusion
The term acute is Sudden sharp pain
Acute Myocardial Infarction AMI Where blood flow has been limited and tissue starts to die within the heart
Infarction is Death tissue
Severe diminishment of the hearts ability to pump blood Cardiac Arrest
___________ is the number one cause of death in men and women between 40 and 70 Coronary Artery Disease

Cardiac Compromise Part 2

Question Answer
Major controllable factors of getting an MI areSmoking, high blood pressure, Diabetes, Cholesterol levels, stress and lack of excersize
____ ____ is when for a brief time the heart tissues are not getting enough O2Angina Pectoris
Angina Pectoris, or Angina occurs when the hearts _______Need for oxygen exceeds the supply
Angina pain is typically described asCrushing or squeezing, or like someone is standing on my chest
Angina is usually felt in the _____. or under the _____Mid chest, sternum
Angina can radiate to the ____Jaw, Arms - usually left, midback, upper region of the abdomen
Angina pain can last _ to _ minutes, but no longer than _________3, 8, 15
Unstable Angina is brought on by ___minor stress, and nothing relieves the pain
Stable Angina is characterized bypain relieved by typical methods such as rest, Nitro, O2

Cardiac Compromise Part 3

Question Answer
Pain of AMI SignalsActual Death of cells in the area of the heart where flow is obstructed
About _________ minutes after blood flow is blocked, heart muscles begin to die30
Syncope is _____Unexplained fainting
AMI vs AnginaAngina can last longer, May not be relieved, not caused by exertion
AMI is considered a ____ ____Heart Attack
Angina is considered a _____ _____, or _____Chest Discomfort or Pain
Generally in AMI the pulse isincreased, irregular
Blood pressure in an AMI can beLower due to cardiac output due to failure
Respiration in an AMICan be found as normal
Skin signs of an AMI areAshen, poor perfusion and or cyanosis

Cardiac Compromise Part 4

Question Answer
Abnormal heart rythem is calledVentricular Arrhythmia V Fib
What are Premature Ventricular Contractions PVCextra heart beats in a damaged ventricle
Pulse of 100 or moreTachycardia
Slow pulse of 60 or lessBradycardia
Rapid heart rate of 150 - 200Ventricular Tachycardia VT
Disorganized quivering of the ventricles where blood cannot be pumped is calledVentricle Fibrillation
Where the heart lacks the force or power to send blood to the bodyCardiogenic Shock
Cardiogenic Shock can occur up to24 hours after an AMI

Cardiac Compromise CHF

Question Answer
CHF is when the heartCan no longer contract efficiently
With CHF blood tends to back up in thePulmonary Veins
With back up of fluid in the Pulmonary Veins, blood staysIn the lungs
Signs of CHF will includeFrothy pink sputum and severe dyspnea
If the right side of the hear is effected fluid will build up in the Lower Extremities
If the left side of the heart is effected fluid will build up in theLeft lungs
Dependent edema is whenFluid builds up in the feet and legs due to CHF


Question Answer


Question Answer
How much Baby Asprin can you administer? 4 81 mg tablets or up to 162 mg
Asprinprevents clots from forming or getting bigger
Nitro should show results within _ min5
A pt. can be given _ doses every 5 min if no relief3
Nitroglycerin comes in 3 formsSpray, tablet, patch
Nitroglycerin has what effect on the bodyRelaxes the muscles to allow better blood flow
You should take the Pt. BP _ min after each Nitro dose5 minutes
Pt. should have a _______ sensation after taking a dose of NitroFizzing

In review

Section 1

Question Answer
If you witness a Pt. go into cardiac ArrestApply AED, and begin CPR
If you do not witness a Pt. go into cardiac arrest Run through 5 cycles of CPR then apply AED
If you loose pulse in a Pt while transporting Stap the ambulance, apply AED, Start CPR
What is an AMIHeart Attack, where death of heart muscle starts from obstruction or low blood flow
Angina Pextoris is A short lived Chest Discomfort caused by temporary blockage or low blood flow to the heart
Arrhythmia is Abnormal heart rate
Asystole is No presence of heart rate
Tacycardia isFast heart rate above 100
BraycacardiaIs a slow heart rate under 60