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EMT Allergic Reactions Quiz

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gelliebeen's version from 2012-04-09 18:18

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Question Answer
The two MOST common signs of anaphylaxis are:wheezing and diffuse urticaria
Anaphylaxis is MOST accurately defined as a/anextreme allergic reaction that may affect multiple body systems
Common signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction include all of the following, EXCEPT a) abdominal pain b) flushing of the skin c) persistent dry cough d) drying of the eyesd) drying of the eyes
Which of the following statements regarding fire ants is correct? a) Fire ants often bite a person repeatedly b) Most people are allergic to fire ant toxin c) Fire ant bites rarely cause anaphylaxis d) Fire ant bites typically occur on the facea) Fire ants often bite a person repeatedly
Because the stinger of a honeybee remains in the wound following a stingit can continue to inject venom for up to 20 minutes
Common side effects of epinephrine include all of the following, EXCEPT: a) headache b) dizziness c) drowsiness d) tachycardiac) drowsiness
The adult epinephrine auto-injector contains ___ milligrams and the pediatric auto-injector contains ___ milligrams.0.3, 0.15
Which of the following physiologic actions does epinephrine produce when given for an allergic reaction? a) Bronchodilation and vasodilation b) Vasoconstriction and bronchodilation c) Bronchoconstriction and vasoconstriction d) Inhibition of further histamine releaseb) Vasoconstriction and bronchodilation
Chemicals that are responsible for the signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction to a bee sting includehistamines and leukotrienes
Which of the following MOST accurately defines an allergic reaction? a) A direct negative effect on the body by an external substance b) An exaggerated immune system response to any substance c) Destruction of the immune system by an external substance d) A release of erythrocytes in response to a foreign substanceb) An exaggerated immune system response to any substance
Which of the following patients would MOST likely have a delayed onset of an allergic reaction? a) A 45-year-old male who ingested penicillin b) A 21-year-old female who inhaled pollen c) A 30-year-old male who was stung by a bee d) A 50-year-old male who was exposed to latexa) A 45-year-old male who ingested penicillin
The foreign substance responsible for causing an allergic reaction is called a/anallergen
Most patients who die of anaphylaxis do so within the first30 minutes following exposure
Which of the following adventitious sounds indicates swelling of the upper airway? a) Rhonchi b) Wheezing c) Stridor d) Ralesc) Stridor
A raised, swollen, well-defined area on the skin that is the result of an insect bite or sting is calleda wheal
Urticaria is the medical term forhives
What part of the scene size-up would MOST likely provide clues regarding the source of a patient's allergic reaction?The environment in which the patient is found
The stinger from a honeybee should bescraped away from the skin.
Which of the following medications blocks the release of histamines? a) Diphenhydramine b) Acetaminophen c) Adrenaline d) Epinephrinea) Diphenhydramine
Which of the following negative effects of anaphylaxis will be the MOST rapidly fatal if not treated immediately? a) Upper airway swelling b) Systemic vasodilation c) Severe hypotension d) Diffuse urticariaa) Upper airway swelling
What part of the scene size-up would MOST likely provide clues regarding the source of a patient's allergic reaction?The environment in which the patient is found
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