Create
Learn
Share

Emergency Meds

rename
kukuhkjhh's version from 2017-04-30 19:04

Section 1

Question Answer
What emergency meds should you be up to date on ?O2, pulse ox and AED
What is the most common medical emergency seen by dentists ?syncope (it represented over 50% of all emergencies reported)
What is the 2nd most common medical emergency seen by dentists?Mild Allergy (9% of all emergencies )
How is PREVENTION accomplished in the dentists office?By conducting a THOROUGH medical history with appropriate alterations to dental treatment as required
What is the MOST IMPORTANT aspect of nearly all medical emergencies in the dental office is to ....is to PREVENT or CORRECT , insufficient oxygenation of the brain and heart
The management of all medical emergencies should include ensuring that ...ensuring that OXYGENATED BLOOD is being delivered to these critical organs
In private practice what is the cause of most medical emergencies most likely to occur during or after LA, during tooth extraction and endo with most being syncope
In dental school what is the cause of most medical emergencies most are related to cardiovascular events
What is positioning for a patient with ASTHMA ?UPRIGHT
What is positioning for a patient with SYNCOPE ?BACK
What are the ABCs A-AIRWAY B- BREATHING C-CIRCULATION D-DEFINTIVE CARE E-ENSURE PT. RESPONSE F-Faciliate next step
How do you ensure patient response for cardiac patient ?You ASSESS CIRCULATION - Compressions are first for cardiac
What is the CPR rate? 100/minute rate
What is the ratio of compression to breaths ?30:2 ratio of compression to breaths
What is the way to perform CPR ? CAB: C-Compresssions (100/minute) A- Airway (secure airway,tilt victim's head back and lift the chin to open the airway) B- BREATHING (30:2 ratio of compression to breaths)
What are 5 essential emergency drugs ?1. OXYGEN 2. EPINEPHRINE 3. NITROGLYCERIN 4. ANTI-HISTAMINE 5. ALBUTEROL/SALBUTAMOL 6. ASPIRIN
What do you do do at DCG when there is an emergency?YOU STAY WITH PATIENT, notify someone , Call 1-222 activate code 66, send people to back and front elevators , send people to emergency cart , ambulance (call 1-2911) , send people to from and back of building and LOG ALL EVENTS
What is the # to call for emergency ?1-222 and activate code 66
What is the # to call for ambulance ?1-2911
WHAT SHOULD YOU DO43 yo obese HTN, hyperlipidemia, quad scale LL taking HCTZ and pravastatin, BP was stable and Mid procedure there is a fire evacuation, upon return (4 flights of stairs) pt. feels pressure in chest and nauseous and anxious, visibly SOB (short of breath) get blood pressure, start a code right away, make sure they are comfortable
WHAT IS IT25 yo female, core build up #3, meds OCP, allergic to penicillin /// Acutely becomes swollen on right side near subgingival smoothing and you palpate and it sounds crackly SOFT TISSUE EMPHYSEMA (air from the hand piece shoots up and gets in the spaces in between the facial planes)////Ab, compresses, no nose blowing, may need to have a CT if its not resolving
WHAT DO YOU DO22 yo female AND After removal of rubber dam lower lip is enlarged This is Angioedema- from certain medications, allergic reaction OR Can be trauma induced or drug induced /// MANAGE .: antihistamines, steroid, air way compromise
WHAT NEXT• Pt. has facial paralysis from hitting facial nerve with the block Don’t panic // Soon as the anesthesia wears off they will get the function back /// Cant move one side of face →worry about injuring your eye /// Give them an eye patch and do the procedure
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
What emergency drug is given for almost any medical emergency ?Oxygen
What does the essential emergency drug Epinephrine indicated for ?Anaphylaxis , Asthma that is unresponsive to albuterol and Cardiac arrest
What does the essential emergency drug nitroglycerin indicated for ?PAIN OF ANGINA
What does the essential emergency drug ANTI-HISTAMINE indicated for?allergic reactions
What does the essential emergency drug ALBUTEROL/SALBUTAMOL indicated for ?asthmatic bronchospasm
What does the essential emergency drug ASPIRIN indicated for ?myocardial infarction
memorize