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Emergency 2

juniperk's version from 2018-04-30 04:12


Question Answer
The patient who has ingested a corrosive poison, which can be a strong acid or alkaline substance, is given what?water or milk to drink for dilution
What are the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning?Headache 2. muscle weakness 3. palpitation 4. dizziness 5. confusion 6. Skin pink to cyanotic
Why would a pulse ox reveal a high hemoglobin saturation during a carbon monoxide poisoning?The hemoglobin molecule is saturated with carbon monoxide rather than oxygen.
How much oxygen is given to the patient with carbon monoxide poisoning?100%. Patient is monitored continuously.
What is the treatment for chemical burn?Prolonged lavage with generous amounts of tepid water.
What is the standard burn treatment?Antimicrobial treatment, debridement, tetanus prophylaxis, antidote administration.
When should the patient have the affect chemical burn area reexamined?24 hours, 72 hours, and in 7 days
What is a serious form of food poisoning?Botulism
Food poisoning. What is collected for examination?Food, gastric contents, vomitus, serum, and feces.
What is the key to treatment for food poisoning?the source and type of food poisoning
What is the red tag?1st Immediate: Injuries are life threatening but survivable with minimal intervention. Individuals in this group can progress rapidly to expectant if treatment is delayed.
Types of red tagSucking chest wound, airway obstruction secondary to mechanical cause, shock, hemothorax, tension pneumothorax, asphyxia, unstable chest and abdominal wounds, incomplete amputations, open fractures of long bones, and 2nd/3rd degree burns of 15%–40% total body surface area
What is yellow tag?2nd Delayed: Injuries are significant and require medical care but can wait hours without threat to life or limb. Individuals in this group receive treatment only after immediate casualties are treated.
Types of yellow tagStable abdominal wounds without evidence of significant hemorrhage; soft tissue injuries; maxillofacial wounds without airway compromise; vascular injuries with adequate collateral circulation; genitourinary tract disruption; fractures requiring open reduction, débridement, and external fixation; most eye and central nervous system injuries
What is green tag?Minimal: Injuries are minor, and treatment can be delayed hours to days. Individuals in this group should be moved away from the main triage area.
Types of green tagUpper extremity fractures, minor burns, sprains, small lacerations without significant bleeding, behavioral disorders or psychological disturbances
What is the 4th priority for emergency triage?Black- Expectant: Injuries are extensive, and chances of survival are unlikely even with definitive care. Persons in this group should be separated from other casualties, but not abandoned. Comfort measures should be provided when possible.
Types of black tagUnresponsive patients with penetrating head wounds, high spinal cord injuries, wounds involving multiple anatomic sites and organs, 2nd/3rd degree burns in excess of 60% of body surface area, seizures or vomiting within 24 hours after radiation exposure, profound shock with multiple injuries, agonal respirations; no pulse, no blood pressure, pupils fixed and dilated
What are the signs of blast lung?1. Dyspnea 2. Hypoxia 3. tachypnea or apnea 4. Cough 5.Chest pain 6 Hemodynamic instability.
What are the signs of Tympani Membrane rupture?1. Hearing loss 2. Tinnitus 3.pain 4. dizziness 5. otorrhea
What is the primary phase of the blast?Results from pressure wave. Pulmonary barotraumas, including pulmonary contusions Head injuries, including concussion, other severe brain injuries Tympanic membrane rupture, middle ear injury Abdominal hollow organ perforation, hemorrhage
What is the secondary phase of the blast?Results from debris from the scene or shrapnel from the bomb. Penetrating trunk, skin, and soft tissue injuries Fractures, traumatic amputations
What is the tertiary phase of the blast?Results from pressure wave that causes the victim to be thrown. Head injuries Fractures, including skull
What is the fourth phase of the blast?Results from preexisting conditions exacerbated by the force of the blast or by postblast injury complications. Severe injuries with complex injury patterns—burns, crush njuries, head injuries Common preexisting conditions that become exacerbated—COPD, asthma, ardiac conditions, diabetes, and hypertension

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