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Electrolyte Disturbances

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zigavata's version from 2016-02-24 22:10

Section

Question Answer
Nausea and malaise, stupor, coma, seizureshyponatremia
Irritability, stupor, comahypernatremia
U waves on ECG, flattened T waves, arrhythmias, muscle spasmhypokalemia
Wide QRS, peaked T waves, arrhythmias, muscle weaknesshyperkalemia
Tetany, seizures, QT prolongationhypocalcemia
Stones, bones, groans, thrones (increase urinary frequency), psychiatric overtoaneshypercalcemia
Tetany, torsaeds de pointes, hypokalemiahypomagnesemia
decreased DTRs, lethargy, bradycardia, hypotension, cardiac arrest, hypocalcemiahypermagnesemia
Bone loss, osteomalacia (adults), rickets (children)hypophosphatemia
Renal stones, metastatic calcifications, hypocalcemiahyperphosphatemia
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