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Electrolyte Disturbances

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shainagong's version from 2018-04-09 18:41

Section

Question Answer
Nausea and malaise, stupor, coma, seizureshyponatremia
Irritability, stupor, comahypernatremia
U waves on ECG, flattened T waves, arrhythmias, muscle cramps, spasm, weaknesshypokalemia
Wide QRS, peaked T waves, arrhythmias, muscle weaknesshyperkalemia
Tetany, seizures, QT prolongation, twitching (Chvostek sign), spasm (Trousseau sign)hypocalcemia
Stones, bones, groans, thrones (increase urinary frequency), psychiatric overtoaneshypercalcemia
Tetany, torsaeds de pointes, hypokalemia, hypocalcemiahypomagnesemia
decreased DTRs, lethargy, bradycardia, hypotension, cardiac arrest, hypocalcemiahypermagnesemia
Bone loss, osteomalacia (adults), rickets (children)hypophosphatemia
Renal stones, metastatic calcifications, hypocalcemiahyperphosphatemia
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