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Ekg bp meds

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juniperk's version from 2017-12-11 13:12

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Question Answer
Tx for sinus bradycardiaasymptomatic- watch them, symptomatic- Atropine, Epinephrine, maybe pacemaker
Tc for sinus tach 4Treat underlying cause, Betablocker, calcium channel blocker and Digoxin
Tx for asystoleinitiate cpr, epinephrine, repeat until code is called. Do not defib- pt needs waves on ekg
Tx for atrial fib 5Need anticoagulation, Digoxin, beta, amiodarone or diltiazem, cardiovert (need anticoag before cardiovert)
Tx for aflutterNeed anticoagulation, Digoxin, beta, amiodarone or diltiazem, cardiovert (need anticoag before cardiovert)
Tx for VfibCPR, epinephrine, defib
Tx for VtachValsalva manuever, carotid massage, ice cold water (rag on head). Unstable: Cardioversion, amiodarone
Tx for regular PVCCheck electrolyte balance. Fix cause.
SE for BetablockerDiabetic mask, decrease HR and BP, No COPD/Asthma, No grapefruit. depression,
SE for ace inhibitor 5Vasodilate, decrease BP, dry cough, increase K+, Orthostatic HTN
SE for Cholesterol meds (Statins) 6Notify md of muscle pain. Monitor CPK and liver function. No grapefruit. Given at nighttime. Increase risk of digoxin toxicity
Action for Ca ch blockerdecreases contractility and conductivity of the heart = decrease demand for O2
Action for acedecreases peripheral vascular resistance w/o increase cardiac rate, output or contractility
Action for Beta blockersdecrease bp and hr
What does atropine do?blocks vagal stimulation - avoid in heart transplant pt
Which med is a positive inotrope? Neg dromotrope?Digoxin, Diltiazem
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