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Effects of Diet-Related Conditions on Health

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dalryschool's version from 2015-11-17 16:36

National 4 and 5 Health and Food Technology

 

On this page you will learn about different diet-related conditions on health. Good luck!

Types of Diseases

 

Question Answer
Anaemiawhen a person has a shortage of red blood cells due to loss of blood or reduced production of cells
Bowel Disorderswhen a person’s bowels do not function properly
Cancerswhen a group of cells in a person’s body grows and multiplies rapidly, destroying nearby tissue, and spreading to other parts of the body
Coronary Heart Diseasewhen the blood carrying arteries around the body become narrowed with a build-up of cholesterol
Diabeteswhen a person’s body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as well as it should
Food Intolerances and Allergieswhen a person has bad reactions after eating certain foods
High Blood Pressurewhen the pressure of blood in a person’s arteries is higher than recommended levels
Obesitywhen a person becomes so overweight the extra weight is a danger to his/her health
Osteoporosiswhen a person’s body starts to slowly lose calcium from the bones
Tooth Decaywhen acid gradually eats away at the enamel on a person’s teeth and causes them to decay
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Diet-Related Causes of Diseases

 

Question Answer
High sugar intakecauses obesity, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
High fat intakecauses obesity, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
High salt intakecauses high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
High alcohol intakecauses obesity, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
Low fibre dietcauses obesity, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
Lack of fruit and vegetablescauses coronary heart disease
Too few polyunsaturated fatscauses coronary heart disease
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Other Causes of Diseases

 

Question Answer
Lack of regular exercisecauses obesity, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
Smokingcauses high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
Agecauses obesity, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
Life stylecauses obesity, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
Family historycauses obesity, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
Family incomecauses obesity, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease
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Prevention of Diseases by Diet

 

Question Answer
AnaemiaReduce snacking and grazing throughout the day in favour of traditional meals . Increase intake of iron-rich foods.
Bowel DisordersReduce the amount of processed foods and red meats. Increase intake of fibre, fruit and vegetables and water in the diet
CancersReduce the amount of salt, processed foods, red meat and alcohol. Increase intake of fruit and vegetables.
Coronary Heart DiseaseReduce the amount of sugar, saturated fat, salt and alcohol. Increase consumption of polyunsaturated fats and fruit and vegetables.
DiabetesReduce the amount of sugar and processed foods. Eat a healthy balanced diet including complex carbohydrate foods.
Food Intolerances and AllergiesReduce and/or cut out completely ingredients/foods that cause intolerance or allergy. Increase foods with appropriate ingredients instead like lactose or glutton-free foods.
High Blood PressureReduce the amount of sugar, saturated fat, salt and alcohol. Increase polyunsaturated fats.
ObesityReduce the overall daily food consumption and the amount of fast foods, take-aways, snacks sweets and sugary drinks. Increase consumption of fruit and vegetables.
OsteoporosisReduce sodium intake. Eat a healthy diet with plenty of foods rich in calcium.
Tooth DecayReduce sugar intake including diet drinks. Eat more crunchy foods like carrots and apples and foods with calcium, phosphorous, vitamins C and D.
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