ED 2 - Language Disorders

psychnerd's version from 2016-05-16 15:30


Question Answer
Tomblin et al.SLI prevalance of 7%
Law SLI prevalance of 2-19%
Wexler (1994)Linguistic processing explanation - children have a phase where they cannot use correct verb forms correctly, and Bilingual children take longer to pass through this phase.
Rice and WexlerSLI used morphemes unrelated to tense with more accuracy than tense related morphemes
Gopnick et al.Implicit grammatical rule deficit
Leonard (1998)Processing explanation - Time, space, energy
Gathercole and BaddleyPoor phonological memory processing
Miller et al.SLI slower response upon both linguistic and non-linguistic tasks
Leonard et al. Working memory and processing speed combined predicted language performance in 14 year olds
Montgomery et al. Children with SLI showed limitations in working memory capacity - specifically phonological infomation
Tomasello and FarrarSensitive parenting - attentional/non-attentional utterances
Strand and Lindsay Socioeconomic status - free school meals/state income increased 1.8x, disadvantaged neighbourhood increased 1.3x.
Law, McBean and RushDisadvantaged scottish neighbourhood, 40% had a language disorder, 10% classified as severe, not getting the help they needed.
Snowling et al.Language fundamental for all other domains of development
Gallagher, Frith and SnowlingLearning to read - phonological processing. Delays in language development are associated with delays in reading ability. (more significant for NLI)
Manchester Language Study (MLS)Of children with SLI aged 7, 67% had reading difficulties at age 16. Despite 63% having normal language scores. Also only 16% of SLI group scored 5 A*-Cs at GCSE in comparison to 54% gen pop and 67% controls.
Lindsay, Dockerell and StrandBESD - longitudinal study - levels of BESD higher in SCLN pop than general pop. However, teachers and parents rate differently.
Contiramsden (2008)No significant correlation with BESD at 16 years old.
Ford and Milosky Impaired structural language not predictive of BESD, more to do with social cognition
Lindsay and DockerellDecreased BESD at secondary school, increased risk of emotional and peer problems.
Contiramsden and BottingVictims of bullying
Lindsay and Dockerell More likely to have peer and prosocial behavioural problems than the general population
Clegg et al.30 years old - poorer cognitive skills, literacy and TOM. Unemployment, dependancy and trouble with relationships.
Stothard et al.Teenagers who had 'recovered' still had troubles academically.
Tomblin et al.Continued risk higher for NLI than SLI - 75% to 44%
Law et al.Poor socioeconomic outcomes - lack of qualifications and communication skills for the work place.
Brownlie et al.Language impaired boys had higher parental rated delinquency and arrests/convictions at age 19.
Bryan et al.66-90% of juvenile offenders have below average literacy, with 62% not reaching level 1.
Gregory and Bryan65% of young offenders screened had profiles indicating they needed some sort of speech/language therapy.
Dockerell 'Talking Time' - Universal approach in Tower Halmets
Snowling20 week programme - targetted approach

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