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EARTH SCI QUIZ MONDAY

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niyorixi's version from 2016-08-14 18:06

Section

Question Answer
Extremophileorganisms that can withstand extreme conditions
AcclimatizationProcess in which an organism adjusts to change of temperature in an environment
SystemA collection of components working together as one
EcosystemInteraction of biotic and abiotic
Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere, Atmosphere and Cryosphere5 subsystems of Earth
LithosphereSolid and rocky subsystem
LithosphereSlowest acting system
Core, Mantle & Crust3 Parts of Lithosphere
CoreInner most past of lithosphere
Iron and NickelComposition of Core
CrustOutermost layer of lithosphere
CrustWhere we derive mineral and energy sources
AtmosphereGaseous blankent that protects us from heat and harmful radiation
HudrosphereLiquid part of the Earth
BiosphereAll life of Earth
Define system, Break defined systeminto components, Understand how variables are related to each otherSYSTEM ANALYSIS
Open and Closed System2 Basic Kinds of System
Feedback LoopCircular set of feedback that can be separated as a cycle
Feedback LoopKnock On Effect
Feedback LoopOutput of the systems become input
EquilibriumBalance of nature
EquilibriumNatural balance to counter balance or affect of system
CrustThinnest layer of Earth
CrustMade up of Si and Al
Oceanic and ContinentalTwo types of crust
MantleThickest layer of Earth that cover atleast 70%
Outer core and inner coreTwo types of core
Outer CoreMolten metal that is about 4,700 degree Celcius
Outer CoreComposed of metal, nickel, iron
Inner CoreSolid sphere composed mostly of iron
Inner Coreis believed to be as hot at 6,650 degree Celcius
Radioactive Decay of UraniumHeat in the core is caused by
AsthenosphereWeak sphere
AsthenosphereSoft layers on mantle
AsthenosphereMade of solid rocks that move slowly
AsthenosphereWhere pieces of lithosphere move
LithosphereDivided into separate plates which move very slowly in response to the convecting part of mantle
Lithosphereis the crust and upper mantle together
Increases, increasesTemperature ___________ as depth ___________
Increases, increasesDensity and pressure ________ as depth ___________
CoreHas the greatest temperature, pressure and density
1) Evaporation 2) Condensation 3) Precipitation 4) Infiltration 5) Surface run off 6) TranspirationParts of water cycle
Global OceanProminent feature of Hydrosphere
CryospherePortion of Earth's surface with average temperature below the freezing point of water
CryosphereOccur atop mountain ranges on all continents
LithosphereRides on the continental structures
Temperature, Presence of Liquid Water, Composition of Atmosphere, Nutrients, Energy SourceCharacteristics that allow lofe to exist on Earth
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