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EARTH SCI (LAST LESSON)

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baejuhyeoned's version from 2016-08-16 11:20

Section

Question Answer
Extremophileorganisms that can withstand extreme conditions
ThermophileHeat loving
AcclimatizationProcess in which an organism adjusts to change of temperature in an environment
SystemA collection of components working together as one
EcosystemInteraction of biotic and abiotic
Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere, Atmosphere and Cryosphere5 subsystems of Earth
LithosphereSolid and rocky subsystem
LithosphereSlowest acting system
LithosphereDivided into separate plates which move very slowly in response to the convecting part of mantle
Lithosphereis the crust and upper mantle together
Core, Mantle & Crust3 Parts of Lithosphere
CoreInner most past of lithosphere
CoreHas the greatest temperature, pressure and density
MantleThickest layer of Earth that cover at least 70%
Outer core and inner coreTwo types of core
Outer CoreMolten metal that is about 4,700 degree Celsius
Outer CoreComposed of metal, nickel, iron
Inner CoreSolid sphere composed mostly of iron
Inner Coreis believed to be as hot at 6,650 degree Celsius
Iron and NickelComposition of Core
CrustOutermost layer of lithosphere
CrustWhere we derive mineral and energy sources
CrustThinnest layer of Earth
CrustMade up of Si and Al
AtmosphereGaseous blanket that protects us from heat and harmful radiation
70%Percentage of Water in Earth
93%Percentage of saltwater in Earth
7%Percentage of freshwater in Earth
71%Percentage of Nitrogen in atmosphere
28%Percentage of Oxygen in atmosphere
1%Percentage of Trace gases in atmosphere
HydrosphereLiquid part of the Earth
BiosphereAll life of Earth
Define system, Break defined system into components, Understand how variables are related to each otherSYSTEM ANALYSIS
Open and Closed System2 Basic Kinds of System
Open Systemfree exchange of materials
Open SystemHave input and output of matter
Closed SystemMaterials do not cross boundaries
Feedback LoopCircular set of feedback that can be separated as a cycle
Feedback LoopKnock On Effect
Feedback LoopOutput of the systems become input
EquilibriumBalance of nature
EquilibriumNatural balance to counter balance or affect of system
Damreleasing of excess water
Oceanic and ContinentalTwo types of crust
Radioactive Decay of UraniumHeat in the core is caused by
AsthenosphereWeak sphere
AsthenosphereSoft layers on mantle
AsthenosphereMade of solid rocks that move slowly
AsthenosphereWhere pieces of lithosphere move
Increases, increasesTemperature ___________ as depth ___________
Increases, increasesDensity and pressure ________ as depth ___________
1) Evaporation 2) Condensation 3) Precipitation 4) Infiltration 5) Surface run off 6) TranspirationParts of water cycle
Global OceanProminent feature of Hydrosphere
CryospherePortion of Earth's surface with average temperature below the freezing point of water
CryosphereOccur atop mountain ranges on all continents
LithosphereRides on the continental structures
Temperature, Presence of Liquid Water, Composition of Atmosphere, Nutrients, Energy SourceCharacteristics that allow life to exist on Earth
Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere & Exosphereparts of Atmosphere
Weather & cloudsTroposphere
OzoneStratosphere
MeteoritesMesosphere
Ionosphere & AuroraThermosphere
ExosphereBoundary between Earth and Outer Space
HypoatremiaToo much water
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sulfur, Calcium, MagnesiumMajor nutrients
Molybdenum, Copper, Boron, Manganese, Iron, Nickel, ZincMinor nutrients
Titanlargest moon of Saturn
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