Early Mural Traditions - Indian Paintings

santhoshv339's version from 2017-03-05 21:53

Early Mural Traditions

Question Answer
Badami paintings were done during period of ?Chalukyas 6th CE
Who patronised the excavation of the Badami caves ?Mangalesha Chalukya king - younger son of the Chalukya king, Pulakesi I
The famous Cave No.4 in Badami is dedicated to ?Lord Vishnu
Paintings in Badami cave depictpalace scenes eg One shows Kirtivarman, the son of Pulakesi I and the elder brother of Mangalesha, seated inside the palace with his wife and feudatories watching a dance scene - Towards the corner of the panel are figures of Indra and his retinue.
The Badami paintings represent extension of the which tradition of mural paintingAjanta - The gracefully drawn faces of the king and the queen remind us of the style of modelling in Ajanta - Their eye-sockets are large, eyes are half-closed, and lips are protruding
Mahendravarman I who ruled in seventh century was responsible for building temples atPanamalai, Mandagapattu and Kanchipuram
Which inscription denotes Mahendravarmans interest in Arts ?The inscription at Mandagapattu - mentions numerous titles such as Vichitrachitta (curious-minded), Chitrakarapuli (tiger among artists), Chaityakari (temple builder)
Which painting is famous at Panamalai ?Figure of a graceful female divinity
Paintings at the Kanchipuram temple were patronised by the Pallava kingRajsimha
The paintings at Kanchipuram temple depictSomaskanda
What are some examples of paintings patronised by Pandyas ?Tirumalaipuram caves and Jaina caves at Sittanvasal
In Sittanavasal where are the paintings visible ?On the ceilings of shrines, in verandas, and on the brackets
In Sittanavasal what painting can be seen on the pillars of the veranda ?Dancing figures of celestial nymphs
What colour is used in Sittanavasal paintings ?Figures are drawn and painted in vermilion red on a lighter background - The body is rendered in yellow with subtle modelling
How are eyes represented in Sittanavasal paintings ?Their eyes are slightly elongated and at times protrude off the face - This feature is observed in many subsequent paintings in the Deccan and South India
Paintings in Brihadeswara temple by cholas can be seen at ?Walls of the narrow passage surrounding the shrine
How many layers of paintings can be seen at Brihadeswara temple ?Two layers of paint were found when they were discovered - The upper layer was painted during the Nayak period, in the sixteenth century
What are some paintings that can be seen in Brihadeswara temple ?Lord Shiva, Shiva in Kailash, Shiva as Tripurantaka, Shiva as Nataraja, a portrait of the patron Rajaraja and his mentor Kuruvar, dancing figures, etc
Which painting done in the fourteenth century represent the early phase of the Vijayanagara style ?Paintings at Tiruparakunram, near Trichy
What paintings can be seen at Virupaksha temple at hampi ?paintings on the ceiling of its mandapa narrating events from dynastic history and episodes from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, Vidyaranya, the spiritual teacher of Bukkaraya Harsha, being carried in a palanquin in a procession and the incarnations of Vishnu
Which painting can be seen at Lepakshi near Hindupur Andhra Pradesh ?Dakshinamurthy, Ladies attending parvati (Veerabhadra temple)
Lepakshi temple is dedicated to ?Lord Shiva
How are faces and objects shown by Vijayanagara painters ?faces are shown in profile and figures and objects two-dimensionally
Where can Nayaka paintings of the seventeenth and eigtheenth centuries be seen ?Thiruparakunram, Sreerangam and Tiruvarur
Early Nayaka paintings depict scenes fromthe life of Vardhaman Mahavira
Nayaka paintings are based on which theme ?Episodes from the Mahabharata and the Ramayana and also scenes from Krishna-leela
In Tiruvarur a Nayaka painting narrates which story ?Story of Muchukunda
In Chidambaram Nayaka paintings narrates stories such as ?Shiva and Vishnu—Shiva as bhikshatana murti, Vishnu as Mohini
In the Sri Krishna temple at Chengam in Arcot District there are sixty Nayaka paintings narrating the story ofRamayana which represent the late phase of Nayaka paintings
Nayaka paintings were more or less an extension ofVijayanagara style with minor regional modifications and incorporations
Which Nayaka painting is famous at Tiruvalanjuli ?painting of Nataraja - painter has tried to infuse movement and make the space dynamic
Kerala paintings adopt certain stylistic elements fromNayaka and Vijayanagara schools
What were inspirations or cues for Kerala mural painters ?Contemporary traditions like Kathakali and kalam ezhuthu using vibrant and luminous colours, representing human figures in three-dimensionality - oral traditions and local versions of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata for painted narration
Kerala murals can be seen on which part of temple ?walls of shrines and cloister walls of temples and some inside palaces
What were kerala murals themes ?episodes from Hindu mythology
Krishna temple with murals is atPundareepuram
Venugopal painting at Shri Rama temple is at ?Tripayar