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DSM P-Z

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blakeword's version from 2018-11-18 22:54

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Panic AttacksDiscrete periods of sudden onset of intense fear or terror, often associate with feelings of impending doom. During these attacks there are symptoms such as shortness of breath or smothering sensations; palpitations, pounding heart, or accelerated heart rate; chest pain or discomfort; choking; and fear of going crazy or losing control.
Paranoid ideationIdeation, of less than delusional proportions, involving suspiciousness or the belieff that one is being harassed, persecuted, or unfairly treated.
ParasomniasDisorders of sleep involving abnormal behaviors or physiological evenst occurring during sleep or sleep-wake transitions.
PerseverationPersistence at tasks or in particular way of doing things long after the behavior has ceased to be functional or effective; continuance of the smae behavior despite repeated failures or clear reasons for stopping.
PersonalityEnduring patterns of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself.
Personality disorder--trait specifiedA proposed diagnostic category for use when a personality disorder is considered present buyt the criteria for a specific disorder are not met.
Personality FunctioningCognitive models of self and others that shape patterns of emotional and affiliative engagement.
Personality TraitA tendency to behave, feel, perceive, and think in relatively consistent ways across time and across situations in which the trait may be manifest.
Personality trait FacetsSpecific personality components that make up the five broad personality trait domains in the dimentional taoxonomy of Section III.
Personality trait DomainsIn the dimensional taxonomy of Section III, personality traits are organized into five broad categories.
PhobiaA persistent fear of a specific object, activity, or situation (i.e., the phobic stimulus) out of proportion to the actual danger posed by the specific object or situation that results in a compelling desire to avoid it.
PicaPersistent eating of nonnutritive nonfood substances over a period of at least 1 month. The eating of nonnutritive nonfood substances is inappropriate to the level of the developmental level of the individual ( a minimum age of 2 years is suggested for diagnosis). The eating behavior is not part of a culturally supported or socially normative practice.
PolysomnographyPolysomnography (PSG), also known as a sleep study, is a multiparametric test used in the study of sleep and as a diagnostic tool in sleep medicine.
PosturingSpontaneous and active maintenance of a posture against gravity.
Decerebrate PostureThe arms and legs are out straight and rigid, the toes point downward, and the head is arched backward.
Decorticate postureThe body is rigid, the arms are stiff and bent, the fists are tight, and the legs are straight out.
Opisthotonus PostureTHe back is rigid and arching, and the head is thrown backward.
Pressured speechSpeech that is increased in amount, accelerated, and difficult or impossible to interrupt. Usually it is also loud and emphatic. Frequently the person talks without any social timulation and may continue to talk even though no one is listening
ProdromeAn early or premonitory sign or symptom of a disorder.
PseudocyesisA false belief of being pregnant that is associated with objective signs and reported symptoms of pregnancy.
Psychological DistressA range of symptoms and experiences of a person' internal life that are commonly held to be troubling, confusing, or out of the ordinary.
Psychometric MeasuresStandardized instruments such as scales, questionnaires, tests, and assessments that are designed to measure human knowledge, abilities, attitudes, or personality traits.
Psychomotor agitationExcessive motor activity associated with a feeling of inner tension. The activity is usually nonproductive and repetitious and consists of behaviors such as pacing, fidgeting, wringing of the hands, pulling of clothes, and inability to sit still.
Psychomotor RetardationVisible generalized slowing of movements and speech.
Psychotic FeaturesFeatures characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and formal thought disorder.
PsychoticismExhibiting a wide range of culturally incongruent odd, eccentric, or unusual behaviors and cognitions, including both process and content.
Purging DisorderEating disorder characterized by recurrent purging behavior to influence weight or ashape, such as elf-induced vomiting, misues of laxatives, diuretics, or other medications, in the absence of binge eating.
Racing ThoughtsA state in which the mind uncontrollably brings up random thoughts andmemories and switches between them very quickly. Sometimes the thoughts are related, with one thought leading to another; other times they are completely random.
Rapid CyclingTerm referring to bipolar disorder characterized by the presence of at least four mood episodes in the previous 12 months that meet the criteria for a manic, hypomanic, or major depressive episode.
Rapid Eye MovementA behavioral sign of the phase of sleep during which the sleeper is likely to be experienceing dreamlike mental activity.
Repetitive speechMorphologically heterogeneous iterations of speech.
Residual PhasePeriod after an episode of schizophrenia that has partly or completed remitted but in which some symptoms may remain, and symptoms such as listlessness, problmems with concentrating, and withdrawal from social activities may predomintate.
Restless legs syndromeAn urge to move the legs, usually accompanied or caused by uncomfortable and unpleasant sensations in the legs.
Restricted affectivityLittle reaction to emotionally arousing situations; constricted emotional experience and expression; indifference and aloofness in normatively engaging situations.
Rigid PerfectionismRigid insistence on everything being flawless, perfect, and without errors or faults, including one's own and others' performance; sacrificing of timeliness to ensure correctness in every detail; believing that there is only one right way to do things; difficulty changing ideas and/or viewpoint; preoccupation with details, organization, and order.
Risk takingEngagement in dangerous, risky , and potentially self-damaging activities, unnecessarily and without regard to consequences; lack of concern for one's limitations and denial of the reality of personal danger; reckless pursuit of goals regardless of the level of risk involved.
RuminationRepeated regurgitation of food over a period of at least 1 month. Regurgitated food may be re-chewed, re-swallowed, or spit out. In rumination disorders, there is no evidece that an associated gastrointestinal or another medical condition (e.g., gastroesophageal reflux) is sufficient to account for the repeated regurgitation.
Seasonal PatternA pattern of the occurrence of a specific mental disorder in selected seasons of the year.
Self-directednesspursuit of coherent and meaningful short-term and life goals; utilization of constructive and prosocial internal standards of behavior;ability to self-reflect productively
Separation insecurityFears of being alone due to rejection by and/or separation from significan others, based in a lack of confidence in one's ability to care for oneself, both physically and emotionally.
SexBiological indication of male and female (understood in the context of reproductive capacity), such as chromosomes, gonads, sex hormones, and nonambiguous internal and external genitalia.
SignAn objective manifestation of a pathological condition.
Sleep-onset REMOccurrence of the rapid eye movement (REM) phase of sleep within minutes after falling asleep.
Sleep TerrorsRecurrent episodes of terror arousals from sleep, usually occurring during the first third of the major sleep episode and beginning with a panicky scream. There is intense fear and signs of autonomic arousal, such as mydriasis, tachycardia, rapid breathing, and sweating, during each episode.
SleepwalkingRepeated episodes of rising from bed during sleep and walking about, usually occurring during the first third of the major sleep episode.
SomnolenceA state of near-sleep, a strong desire for sleep, or sleeping for unusually long periods.
Specific food cravingsIrresistible desire for special types of food.
Startle responseAn involuntary reaction to a sudden unexpected stimulus, such as a loud noise or sharp movement
StereotypiesRepetitive, abnormally frequent, non-goal-directed movements, seemingly driven, and nonfunctional motor behavior.
StressThe pattern of specific and nonspecific responses a person makes to stimulus events that disturb his or her equilibrium and tax or exceeed his or her ability to cope.
StressorAny emotional, physical, social, economic, or other factor that disrupts the normal physiological, cognitive, emotional, or behavioral balance of an individual.
Stressor, psychologicalAny life event or life change that may be associated temporally and perhaps causally with the onset, occurrence, or exacerbation of a mental disorder.
StuporLack of psychomotor activity, which may range from not actively relating to the environment to complete immobility
SubmissivenessAdaptation of one's behavior to the actual or perceived interests and desires of others even when doing so is antithetical to one's own interests, needs, or desires.
SubsyndromalBelow a specified level or threshold required to qualify for a particular condition.
Suicidal ideasthoughts about self-harm, with deliberate consideration or planning of possible techniques of causing one's own death.
SuicideThe act of intentionally causing one's own death.
Suicide AttemptAn attempt to end one's own life, which may lead to one's death.
SuspicousnessExpectations of and sensitivity to signs of interpersonal iill intent or harm; doubts about loyalty and fidelity of others; feelings of being mistreated used, and/ or persecuted by others.
SymptomA subjective manifestation of a pathological conddition. Symptoms are reported by the affected individual rather than observed by the examiner.
SyndromeA grouping of signs and symptoms, based on their frequent co-occurrence that may suggest a common underlying pathogenesis, course, familial pattern, or treatment selection.
SynesthesiasA condition in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway.
Temper OutburstAn emotional outburst, usually associated with children or those in emotional distress, and typically characterized by stubbornness, crying, screaming, defiance, angry ranting, a resistance to attempts at pacification, and in some cases hitting. Physical control may be lost, the person may be unable to remain still, and even if the "goal" of the person is men, he or she may not be calmed.
Thought-action fusionThe tendency to treat thoughts and actions as equivalent.
TicAn involuntary, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic motor movement or vocalization.
ToleranceA situation that occurs with continued use of a drug in which an individual requires greater dosages to achieve the same effect.
TransgenderThe broad spectrum of individuals who transiently or permanently identify with a gender different from their natal gender.
TranssexualAn individual who seeks, or has undergone, a social transition from male to female or female to male, which in many, but not all cases may also involve a somatic transition by cross-sex hormone treatment and genital surgery.
Traumatic StressorAny event that may cause or threaten death, serious injury, or sexual violence to an individual, a close family member, or a close friend.
Unusual beliefs and experiencesBelief that one has unusual abilities such as mind reading, telekinesis; unusual experiences of reality, including hallucinatory experiences.
Waxy flexibilitySlight, even resistance to positioning by examiner.
Withdrawal, socialPreference for being alone to being with others; reticence in social situations.
WorryUnpleasant or uncomfortable thoughts that cannot be consciously controlled by trying to turn the attention to other subjects.
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