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DSM G-O

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blakeword's version from 2018-11-18 22:52

Section

Question Answer
GenderThe public (and usually legally recognized) lived role as boy or girl, man or woman. Biological factors are sen as contributing in interaction with social and psychological factors to gender development.
Gender assignmentThe initial assignment as male or female, which usually occurs at birth and is subsequently referred to as the "natal gender."
Gender dysphoriaDistress that accompanies the incongruence beten one's experienced and expressed gender and one's assigned or natal gender.
Gender experienceThe unique and personal ways in which individual experience their gender in the context of the gender roles provied by their societies.
Gender expressionThe specific ways in which individuals enact gender roles provided in their societies.
Gender identityA category of social identity that refers to an individual's identification as male, female or, occasionally, some category other than male or female.
Gender ReassignmentA change of gender that can be either medical (hormones, surgery) or legal (government recognition), or both. In case of medicasl interventions, often referred to as sex reassignment.
GrandiosityBelieving that one is superior to others and deserves special treatment; self-centerdness; feelings of entitlement; condescension toward others.
GrimaceOdd and inappropriate facial expressions unrelated to situation.
HallucinationA perception-like experience with the clarity and impact of a true perception but without the external stimulation of the relevant sensory organ.
Auditory HallucinationA hallucination involving the perception of sound, most commonly of voice
Geometric HallucinationVisual hallucinations involving geometric shapes such as tunnels and funnels, spirals, lattices, or cobwebs.
Gustatory HallucinationA hallucination involving the perception of taste (usually unpleasant).
Olfactory HallucinationA hallucination involving the perception of odor, such as of burning rubber or decaying fish.
Somatic HallucinationA hallucination involving the perception of physical experience localized within the body (e.g., a feeling of electricity).
Tactile HallucinationA hallucination involving the perception of being touched or of something being under one's skin. The most common of these are the sensation of electric shocks and formication (the sensation of something creeping or crawling on or under the skin)
Visual HallucinationA hallucination involving sight, which may consist of formed images, such as people, or of unformed images, such as flashes of light.
HostilityPersistent or frequent angry feelings; anger or irritability in response to minor slights and insults; mean nasty or vengeful behavior.
HyperacusisIncreased auditory perception
HyperoralityA condition in which inappropriate objects are placed in the mouth.
HypersexualityA stronger than usual urge to have sexual activity.
HypersomniaExcessive sleepiness, as evidenced by prolonged nocturnal sleep, difficulty maintaining an alert awake state during the day, or undesired daytime sleep episodes.
HypervigilanceAn enhanced state of sensory sensitivity accompanied by an exaggerated intensity of behaviors whose purpose is to detect threats. Also accopanied by a state of increased anxiety which can cause exhasution.
HypomaniaAn abnormality of mood resembling mania but of lesser intensity.
HypopneaEpisodes of overly shallow breathing or an abnormally low respiratory rate.
Ideas of ReferenceThe feeling that causal incidents and external events have a particular and unusual meaning that is specific to the person.
IdentityExperience of oneself as unique, with clear boundaries between self and others; stability of self-esteem and accuracy of self-appraisal; capacity for, and ability to regulate, a range of emotional experience.
IllusionA misperception or misinterpretation of a real external stimulus, such as hearing the rustling of leaves as the sound of voices.
ImpulsivityActing on the spur of the moment in response to immediate stimuli; acting on a momentary basis without a plan or consideration of outcomes; difficulty estblishing and following plans; a sense of urgency and self-harming behavior under emotional distress.
IncoherenceSpeech or thinking that is essentially incomprehensible to others because word or phrases are joined together without a logical or meaningful connection. This disturbance occurs within clauses, in contrast to derailment, in which the disturbance is between clauses. This has sometimes been reffered to as "word salad" to convey the degree of linguistic disorganization. Mildly ungrammatical constructions or idiomatic usages characteristic of a particular regional or cultural backgrounds, lack of education, or low intelligence should not be considered incoherence.
InsomniaA subjective complaint of difficulty falling or staying asleep or poor sleep quality.
Intersex ConditionA condition in which individuals have conflicting or ambiguous biological indicators of sex.
IntimacyDepth and duration of connection with others; desire and capacity for closeness; mutuality of regard reflected in interpersonal behavior.
Intimacy AvoidanceAvoidance of close or romantic relationships, interpsersonal attachments, and intimate sexual relationships.
IrresponsibilityDisregard for and failure to honor financial and other obligations or commitments; lack of respect for and lack of follow-through on agreements and promises; carelessness with others' property.
Language PragmaticsThe understanding and use of language in a gien context. For example, the warning "Watch your hands" when issued to a child who is dirty is indtended not only to prompt the child to look at his or her hands but also to communicate the admonition "Don't get anything dirty."
LethargyA state of decreased mental activity, characterized by sluggishness, drowsiness, inactivity, and reduced alertness.
MacropsiaThe visual perception that objects are larger than they actually are.
Magical ThinkingThe erroneous belief that one's thoughts, words, or actions will cause or prevent a specific outcome in some way that defies commonly understood laws of cause and effect. May be part of normal child development.
ManiaA mental state of elevated, expansive, or irritable mood and persistently increased level of activity or energy.
ManipulativenessUse of subterfuge to influence or control others; use of seduction, charm, glivness, or ingratiation to achieve one's ends.
MannerismA peculiar and characteristic individual style of movement, action, thought, or speech.
MelancholiaA mental state characterized by very severe depression.
MicropsiaThe visual perception that objects are smaller than they actually are.
Mixed SymptomsThe specifier "with mixed features" is applied to mood episodes during which subthreshold symptoms from the opposing pole are present. Whereas these concurrent "mixed" symptoms are relatively simultaneou, they may also occur closely juxtaposed in time as a waxing and waning of individual symptoms of the opposite pole.
MoodA pervasive and sustained emotion that colors the perception of the world.
Dysphoric moodAn unpleasant mood, such as sadness, anxiety, or irritability.
Elevated MoodAn exaggerated feeling of well-being, or euphoria or elation.
Euthymic MoodMood in the "normal" range, which implies the absence of depressed or elevated mood.
Expansive MoodLack of restraint in expressing one's feelings, frequently with an overvaluation of one's significance importance
Irritable MoodEasily annoyed and provoked to anger.
Mood-Congruent Psychotic FeaturesDelusions or hallucinations whose content is entirely consistent with the typical themes of a depressed or manic mood.
Mood-incongruent psychotic featuresDelusions or hallucinations whose content is not consistent with the typical themes of a depressed or manic mood.
Multiple Sleep Latency TestPolysomnographic assessment of the sleep-onset period, with several short sleep-wake cycles assessed during a single session. The test repeatedly measures the time to daytime sleep onsent and occurrence of and time to onset of the rapid eye movement sleep phase.
MutismNo, or very little, verbal response.
NarcolepsySleep disorder characterized by periods of extreme drowsiness and frequent daytime lapses into sleep. These must have been occurring at least three times per week over the last 3 months.
Negative AffectivityFrequent and intense experiences of high levels of a wide range of negative emotions and their behavior and interpersonal manifestations.
NegativismOpposition to suggestion or advice; behavior opposite to that appropriate to a specific situation or against the wishes of others, including direct resistance to efforts to be moved.
Night Eating SyndromeRecurrent episodes of night eating, as manifested by eating after the evening meal. there is awareness and recall of the eating.
Nightmare disorderRepeated ocurrences of extended, extremely dysphoric, and well remembered dreams that usually involve efforts to avoid threats to survival, security or physical integrity and that generally occur during the second half of the major sleep episode. On awakening from the dysphoric dreams, the individual repidly becomes oriented and alert.
Nonsubstance AddictionBehavioral disorder not related to any substance of abuse that shares some features with substance=induced addiction.
ObsessionRecurrent and persistent thoughts, urges, or images that are experience, d at some time during the disturbance, as intrusive and unwanted and that in most individuals cause marked anxiety or distress. the individual attempts to ignore or suppress such thoughts, urges, or images, or to neutralize them with some other thought or action.
OvereatingEating too much food too quickly.
Overvalued ideaAn unreasonable and sustained belief that is maintained with less than delusional intensity (i.e., the person is able to acknowledge the possibility that the belief may not be true). The belief is not one that is ordinarily accepted by other members of the person' culture or subculture.
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