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Drug Lists

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eesohbel's version from 2015-05-18 21:22

Suffixes

Question Answer
-afilPDE-5 inhibitors: Sildenafil, tadalafil [remember fil's penis]
-azepamBenzodiazepine: Lorazepam, Diazepam
-azolamBenzos: Alprazolam, Midazolam, Triazolam
-azinePhenothiazine (neuroleptics, antiemetics): Chlorpromazine, thioridazine, promethazine
-barbitalBarbituates: Phenobarbital, Secobarbital
-bendazoleBenzimidazole (anti-parasites): Mebendazole, Albendazole [remember bendy worms]
-caineLocal anesthetics: Lidocaine, tetracaine [remember cocaine]
-cholMuscarinic agonist (+): Bethanechol, carbachol
-cillinPenicillin: Amoxicillin, Methicillin
-conazoleImidazole (antifungal): Fluconazole, ketoconazole [remember cones from sketchy]
-curiumnon-depolarizing NMJ blocker: Atracurium, Mivacurium
-curoniumnon-depolarizing NMJ blocker: Vecuronium, Rocuronium
-cyclineProtein synthesis inhibitor (Binds 30S subunit): Tetracycline, Doxycycline
-dipineDihydropyridine CCB (Decrease SVR and arterial pressure): Nifedipine, Amlodipine
-dronateBisphosphonates (Osteoporosis - inhibit osteoclasts): Alendronate, Risedronate
-oxetineSSRI: Fluoxetine, Paroxetine (+Sertraline)
-fluraneInhaled anesthetics: Isoflurane Sevoflurane [up the flu!]
-gliptanDDP-IV inhibitor (DM2: inhibit glucagon): Sitagliptin, Saxagliptin [GLucagon clippers]
-glitazoneThiazolidinedione: Pioglitazone, Rosiglitazone [Glittering insulin receptors for DM2]
-ipramineTCA (antidepressant): Clomipramine, Imipramine
-mabMonoclonal AntiBody: Infliximab, Rituximab
-mustineNitrosurea (nitrogen mustard -- alkylating agent used in brain cancers): Lomustine
-navirProtease inhibitor (HIV): Ritonavir, Saquinavir
-ololBeta blocker: Atenolol, Metoprolol, Propanolol
-operidolNeuroleptic: Haloperidol, Droperidol
-phyllineMethylxanthine (Inhibits PDE, used for COPD): Theophylline, Aminophylline
-prilACE inhibitor: Enalapril, Lisinopril
-prostProstaglandin analog: Latanoprost, Travoprost [-Prost for Prost-aglandin]
-sartanAngiotensin Receptor Blocker: Losartan, Valsartan
-stigmineAnti-cholinesterase (Indirect muscarinic agonists): Neostigmine, Physostigmine, Rivastigmine
-terolBeta-agonist: Albuterol, Salmeterol
-tidineH2 blockers: Cimetidine, Ranitidine
-triptylineTCA (migraine): Amitriptyline, Nortriptyline
-tropinPituitary hormone: Somatotropin, Thyrotropin (TSH)
-zosinalpha-1-antagonist: Prazosin, Doxazosin
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Side Effect Profile

Question Answer
FlushingVancomycin (red man), Adnosine, Niacin, dihydropyridine CCB [VANC]
Coronary VasospasmCocaine, Amphetamines, Sumatriptan, Ergotamine isobel
Dilated cardiomyopathyDoxorubicin, Daunorubicin [anti-cancer]
Torsades de pointes (prolonged QT)Potassium channel blockers (class III), Sodium channel blockers (class 1a), Macrolides, Haloperidol, Chloroquine (anti-malaria), Protease inhibitors
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Question Answer
ThrombocytopeniaHeparin (HIT), Cimetidine
AgranulocytosisGancyclovir, Dapsone, C(Clozapine, Carbamazepine, Colchecine), Methimazole, PTU [Gangs Do CCCrush Myeloblasts and Promyeloblasts]
Aplastic anemiaChloramphenicol, Methimazole, NSAIDs, Benzene, PTU
[Can't Make New Blood Properly]
Gray baby syndrome (vomit, ashen , CV collapse, limp)Chloremphenicol
(immature UDP-glucoronyl transferase results in toxic metabolites accumulation)
Hemolysis in G6PD deficiencyFava beans, Dapsone, Isoniazid, Sulfonamides, Primaquine, ASA (high dose), Ibuprofen, Nitrofurantoin, Napthalene
[Fuck DIS PAIN]
ThrombosisOCP's (smokers >35 y.o), HRT, Celecoxib
Megaloblastic anemiaPhenytoin, Methotrexate, Sulfa
[have a BLAST with PMS!]
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Question Answer
Pulmonary fibrosisAmiodarone, Bleomycin, Busulfan (anti-Cancer) [ABC's]
CoughACE inhibitors (bradykinin)
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Question Answer
Pseudomembranous colitisClindamycin, Amoxicillin/ampicillin
Hepatic necrosisHalothane, Acetaminophen, Valproic acid, Amanita phalloides
HepatitisRifampin, Isoniazid, Pyrazinamide, Statins, Fibrates
[RIPS Fibers in the liver]
Increased triglyceridesCholestyramine (bile-binding resins)
Gastric ulcersNSAIDs, Aspirin, radiation
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Question Answer
Tertiary adrenal insufficiencyCortisol withdrawal
GynecomastiaSpironolactone, THC, Alcohol, Cimetidine, Ketoconazole, Estrogens, Digoxin [STACKED]
Hot flashesTamoxifen, Clomiphene
HypothyroidismSulfonamides, Amiodarone, Lithium [SAL was hypothyroid]
HyperglycemiaNiacin, CorticoSteroids, HCTZ, Tacrolimus, Protease inhibitors [Need to Check Sugars when you Have These Pills]
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Question Answer
GoutDiuretics [loop and thiozide], Niacin, Cyclosporine Pyrazinamide
Gingival hyperplasiaPhenytoin, Verapamil
OsteoporosisCorticosteroids, Heparin
PhotosensitivitySulfonamides, Amiodarone, Tetracycline [SAT for the PHOTO]
Stevens-Johnson syndromeCarbamazepine, Lamotrigine Allopurinol, Phenytoin, Phenobarbital, Penicillin, Ethosuximide, RASH, Sulfa drugs [CLAPPPERS]
Drug-induced lupusSulfonamides, Hydralazine, Isoniazid, Procainamide, Phenytoin [SHIPP]
Tendon ruptureFluoroquinolones
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Question Answer
Interstitial nephritisNSAIDs, Furosemide, Aminoglycosides
Diabetes insipidusLithium, Demeclocycline
Fanconi syndrome (proximal tubules)Expired Tetracycline, Heavy metals, Wilson's
Hemorrhagic cystitisCyclophosphamide, Ifosfamide
SIADHCarbamazapine, Cyclophosphamide, SSRI [Can't Concentrate Serum Sodium]
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Question Answer
ParkinsonismAntipsychotics, Reserpine, Metoclopromide
[Cogwheel rigidity of the ARM]
Cinchonism (dizzy+headache+vision change+tinnitus)Quinidine, Quinine {Q's}
SeizuresBuproprion, Imipenem, Cilastatin, Isoniazid, Tramadol, Metoclopramide, Withdrawal (from benzos or alcohol)
[Bats and Mice in the WIITCh's Brew]
Tardive dyskinesiaAntipsychotics, Metoclopramide
Disulfiram-like Reaction (to alcohol)Metronidazole, Cephalosporins, Sulfonylureas (1st gen), Procarbazine]
[Miller, Corona, PBR and Sam adams]
Nephrotoxicity + NeurotoxicityCisplatin, Polymixins, AminoGlycosides
[Can't Play A Game]
Nephrotoxicity + OtotoxicityAminoglycosides, Vancomycin, Loop diuretics, Cysplatin
Anticholinergic (dry as a bone, hot as a hare, red as a beet...)Atropine, Tricyclinc antidepressants, H1 blockers, Low-potency neuroleptics
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Antidotes

Question Answer
AcetaminophenN-acetylcysteine (replenishes glutathione)
AChE inhibitors, organophosphatesAtropine, Pralidoxime
Amphetamines (basic)NH4Cl (acidifies urine)
Anticholinergic agentsPhysostigmine salicylate, control hyperthermia
BenzodiazepinesFlumazenil
Beta blockersGlucagon
Carbon monoxide100% O2, Hyperbaric O2
Copper, arsenic, goldPenicillamine [Copper pennies]
CyanideNitrite + thiosulfate, Hydroxocobalamin
Digitalis (digoxin)Anti-dig Fab fragments
HeparinProtamine sulfate
IronDeferoxamine, Deferasirox
LeadEDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine
Mercury, arsenic, goldDimercaprol (BAL), succimer
Methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)Fomepizole, Ethanol, Dialysis
MethemoglobinMethylene blue, Vitamin C
OpioidsNaloxone, Naltrexone
SalicylatesNaHCO3 (alkalinze the urine), Dialysis
TCAsNaHCO3 (plasma alkalinization)
tPA, streptokinase, urokinaseAminocaproic acid
WarfarinVitamin K (delayed effect), fresh frozen plasma (immediate)
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