Drug Classification Study Guide

heyguysitsclaire's version from 2016-07-07 16:06

Section 1

Question Answer
Analgesic relieves pain without loss of consciousness
Anesthetic produces a lack of feeling or sensation
Antacid neutralizes acid
Antianxiety reduces mental tension and anxiety
Antiarrhythmic controls cardiac arrhythmias
Antibiotic destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
Anticholinergic blocks parasympathetic nerve impulses
Anticoagulant prevents or delays blood clotting
Anticonvulsant prevents or relieves convulsions
Antidepressant elevates mood
Antidiarrhealprevents or relieves diarrhea
Antidotecounteracts poisons and their effects
Antiemetic prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting
Antihistamine acts to prevent the action of histamine
Antihypertensive prevents or controls high blood pressure
Anti-inflammatory prevents inflammation
Antimanic treat bipolar disorder and other affective disorder
Antineoplastic prevents the replication of neoplastic cells
Antipyretic reduces fever

Section 2

Question Answer
Antitussiveprevents or relieves cough
Bronchodilator dilates the bronchi
Contraceptive device, method, or agent to prevent conception
Decongestant reduces nasal congestion and/or swelling
Diuretic increases urinary output
Expectorant facilitates removal of secretions from bronchopulmonary mucosa
Hemostaticcontrols or stops bleeding
Hypnotic produces sleep or hypnosis
Hypoglycemic lowers blood glucose levels
Laxativeloosens and promotes normal bowel movements
Muscle Relaxant produces relaxation of skeletal muscles
Sedative or Tranquilizer acts to calm, soothe or produce sedation
Vasodilator produces relaxation of blood vessels and lowers blood pressure
Vasopressor produces contraction of capillaries and arteries