Drug Classification definition

aaronwhite's version from 2016-07-06 20:16


Question Answer
Non-Narcotic Analgesicsnon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, Motrin or Advil (chemical name: ibuprofen), and Aleve or Naprosyn (chemical name: naproxen sodium)
Antipyretic Effective against fever; also called anti febrile.
AntidoteA medicine or other remedy for counteracting the effects of poison, disease, etc.
AdsorbentA substance that adsorbs another.
AntiarrhythmicAre drugs that are used to treat abnormal heart rhythms resulting from irregular electrical activity of the heart.
BronchodilatorA substance that dilates the bronchi and bronchioles, decreasing resistance in the respiratory airway and increasing airflow to the lungs.
Antidysrhythmicdrugs that are used to treat abnormal heart rhythms resulting from irregular electrical activity of the heart.
Sympathomimetic (ß2 selective)stimulant compounds which mimic the effects of agonists of the sympathetic nervous system such as the catecholamines (epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine (noradrenaline), dopamine, etc.) Sympathomimetic drugs are used to treat cardiac arrest and low blood pressure, or even delay premature labor, among other things.
Vasodilatormedications that open (dilate) blood vessels.
Cyanide AntidoteAvailable antidotes are hydroxocobalamin (Cyanokit) and sodium thiosulfate and sodium nitrite (Nithiodote). Both are given intravenously
Platelet inhibitoragents which decrease platelet aggregation and inhibit thrombus formation; therefore no clot formation.
Electrolyteare certain nutrients (or chemicals) present in your body that have many important functions — from regulating your heartbeat to allowing your muscles to contract so you can move. The major electrolytes found within the body include calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, phosphate and chloride.
Anti-inflammatorya substance or treatment that reduces inflammation or swelling
Chronotropic effects(from chrono-, meaning time, and tropos, "a turn") are those that change the heart rate.
NSAIDa medication that is commonly prescribed or purchased over the counter to treat the inflammation associated with conditions such as arthritis, tendonitis, and bursitis. Examples include: aspirin, indomethacin, ibuprofen (brand name: Motrin), naproxen, piroxicam, and nabumetone.
Parasympatholyticis a substance or activity that reduces the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system.
Anticholinergic agentis a substance that blocks the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the central and the peripheral nervous system. Anticholinergics inhibit parasympathetic nerve impulses by selectively blocking the binding of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to its receptor in nerve cells.
Benzodiazepinea type of medication known as tranquilizers. Familiar names include Valium and Xanax
Anticonvulsant(also commonly known as antiepileptic drugs or as antiseizure drugs) are a diverse group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures.
Antihistaminea drug or other compound that inhibits the physiological effects of histamine, used especially in the treatment of allergies.
Sympathomimetic(of a drug) producing physiological effects characteristic of the sympathetic nervous system by promoting the stimulation of sympathetic nerves. a sympathomimetic drug, often used in nasal decongestants.
inotropic effectNegatively inotropic agents weaken the force of muscular contractions. Positively inotropic agents increase the strength of muscular contraction. The term inotropic state is most commonly used in reference to various drugs that affect the strength of contraction of heart muscle (myocardial contractility).
Hypotonic Solutionis any solution that has a lower osmotic pressure than another solution. In the biological fields, this generally refers to a solution that has less solute and more water than another solution.
Cardiac Stimulanta substance which acts as a stimulant of the heart -- for example, via positive chronotropic or inotropic action. Examples of cardiac stimulant drugs are cocaine and methamphetamine.
Opioid Analgesicalso known as narcotic analgesics, are pain relievers that act on the central nervous system. Like all narcotics, they may become habit-forming if used over long periods
Loop Diureticare diuretics that act at the ascending loop of Henle in the kidney. They are primarily used in medicine to treat hypertension and edema often due to congestive heart failure or renal insufficiency
Pancreatic HormoneMajor hormones secreted by the pancreas are insulin amylin, glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide. Somatostatin is secreted by the delta cells, and pancreatic polypeptide is secreted by a group of glandular cells arranged in a halo around each islet of Langerhans
Insulin Antagonistthe major fuel-regulating hormone of the body, a double-chain protein formed from proinsulin in the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas
Antidiuretic HormoneA hormone made by the hypothalamus and released from the pituitary gland. By making the kidneys reabsorb water, it limits urine output and helps control the body’s water balance.
Alkalinizing Agentdrugs used to manage disorders associated with low pH. For example, they may be used to treat acidosis due to renal failure. Used for oral or parenteral therapy, sodium bicarbonate is the commonly preferred alkalinizing agent.
Antiemeticsa drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea. Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anaesthetics, and chemotherapy directed against cancer.
CNS DepressantBenzodiazepines, such as diazepam (Valium) and alprazolam (Xanax), are sometimes prescribed to treat anxiety, acute stress reactions, and panic attacks. The more sedating benzodiazepines, such as triazolam (Halcion) and estazolam (ProSom) are prescribed for short-term treatment of sleep disorders.
Pituitary HormoneThe front portion of the pituitary, a small gland in the head called the master gland. Hormones secreted by the anterior pituitary influence growth, sexual development, skin pigmentation, thyroid function, and adrenocortical function.
Isotonic Fluid IVt remains within the extracellular fluid compartment and is distributed between the intravascular and interstitial spaces, thus increasing intravascular volume.6 Types of isotonic solutions include 0.9% sodium chloride (0.9% NaCl), lactated Ringer's solution, 5% dextrose in water (D5W), and Ringer's solution.
Serotonin type 3 (5-HT3) antagonista group of drugs which are used to control nausea and vomiting. They get their name through their ability to block 5-hydroxytryptamine (also known as serotonin) from activating nerves that bring about the vomiting reflex.
Coronary Vasodilatordrugs used to cause dilation of the coronary blood vessels
Narcotic Antagonistnarcotic antagonist - an antagonist used to counteract the effects of narcotics (especially to counteract the depression of respiration)
Opioid AntagonistAn opioid antagonist, or opioid receptor antagonist, is a receptor antagonist that acts on one or more of the opioid receptors.
Narcotic Analgesicsdrugs that relieve pain, can cause numbness and induce a state of unconsciousness. They work by binding to opioid receptors, which are present in the central and peripheral nervous system.
Opioid Analgesicsalso known as narcotic analgesics, are pain relievers that act on the central nervous system. Like all narcotics, they may become habit-forming if used over long periods.
Tranquilizer a medicinal drug taken to reduce tension or anxiety.
Anti-seizure preventing or counteracting seizures
Anti-arrhythmic Agenta group of pharmaceuticals that are used to suppress abnormal rhythms of the heart, such as atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, ventricular tachycardia, and ventricular fibrillation.
Antipsychoticsa class of psychiatric medication primarily used to manage psychosis, principally in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. They are increasingly being used in the management of non-psychotic disorders
Butyrophenonea chemical compound; some of its derivatives are used to treat various psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, as well as acting as antiemetics.
Carbohydratethe sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products. Though often maligned in trendy diets, carbohydrates — one of the basic food groups — are important to a healthy life.