baejuhyeoned's version from 2016-11-22 12:22

Section 1

Question Answer
Philippines has experienced the most natural hazards in the 20th century.
PhilippinesVery seismically active region surrounded by trenches and transected by several faults
PhilippinesLies along path of air streams (NE and SE Monsoon) and several tropical storms
Eurasian & Pacifictwo tectonic plates
Philippine Archipelagohas a complex tectonic setting with several trenches and many active faults
DisasterA serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic, or environmental losses and impacts which exceeds the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.
Disaster When a person is affected
Man made & NaturalWhat disasters would and could effect our community?
(1) Major roads and bridges destroyed, (2) Epidemic, (3) Fish KillExamples of Disaster
Natural and Man-made/Human InducesClassifications of disaster
Natural DisasterA consequence when a natural hazard affects human and/or the built environment
Natural DisasterThis understanding is concentrated in the formulation 'disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability'
Manmade Disasterthe consequences of technological human hazards
(1) Atleast 20% of population is affected, (2) 40% of the means of livelihood are destroyed, (3) Major roads are destroyed and impassable for atleast a week, (4) Widespread Destruction, (5) EpidemicsWhen is an EVENT a DISASTER? (5)
(1) Increased population, (2) Climate change, (3) Increased vulnerability to demographic changes, environmental degradation, poverty, rapid urbanization & unplanned development, increased concentration of assetsWhy are disaster impacts increasing?
(1) Hazard, (2) Exposure, (3) VulnerabilityFACTORS/ ELEMENTS OF DISASTER
HazardA dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause lossof life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage.
ExposureRefers to people and property
VulnerabilityPressing condition which affects people’s capacity to prevent or mitigate hazardous events
(1) Physical/ Material, (2) Social/ Organizational, (3) Attitudinal/ Motivational, (4) Economic, (5) Environmental Types of vulnerability
Disaster happens when a probable destructive agent or hazard hits a vulnerable populated areaWhen does a hazard becomes a disaster?
A natural event if does not pose a threat to anything or any body will not be a problem. But if it affect people or properties will become a hazardWhen does a Natural Event becomes a Hazard?
Hazarda dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life, injury/other health impacts, property image, etc
HazardCould be a potentially damaging phenomenon
Hazardaspects of the physical world that have potential to cause harm
Hazard EventHazard in action
Disaster occur when the hazard is activated and destroys human communities
(1) Medical Effects, (2) Damage to critical facilities, (3) Disruption of transportation, (4) Economic Impact, (5) Global environmental change, (6) Social and political impact6 Impacts of Disaster
(1) Unpredictability, (2) Unfamiliarity, (3) Speed, (4) Urgency, (5) Uncertainty, (6) Threat6 Characteristics of Disaster
Developed countries are better prepared to handle the impact of disasters as well as the aftermath.Why Are Developing Countries More Vulnerable to Natural Disasters?

Section 2

Question Answer
Physical/ Material VulnerabilityTangible loss
Physical/ Material VulnerabilityLimited resources
Physical/ Material VulnerabilityPoor people
Social/ Organizational VulnerabilityChildren
Social/ Organizational VulnerabilityWomen
Social/ Organizational VulnerabilityHomeless/street people
Social/ Organizational VulnerabilityMarginalized groups
Social/ Organizational VulnerabilitySeniors
Social/ Organizational VulnerabilityPersons with disabilities
Economic Vulnerability Loss of jobs
Economic Vulnerability Business interruptions
Economic Vulnerability Access to work
Economic Vulnerability Loss of government income
Environmental Vulnerability Location and built structures

Section 3

Question Answer
GeologicGround Rupture
GeologicEarth-quake induced landslide
GeologicVolcanic Eruption
GeologicLava flow
GeologicVolcanic gas
GeologicPyroclastic flow
GeologicTephra fall
GeologicVolcanic Debris
GeologicRainfall-induced landslides
GeologicRapid sediment movement
GeologicSink hole formation
GeologicImpacts with space objects
HydrologicFlood-river and coasta
HydrologicWave action
HydrologicRapid glacier advance
AtmosphericTyphoons and hurricanes
Atmospheric Thunderstorm
AtmosphericExcessive Rainfall
AtmosphericHeavy snowfalls
AtmosphericHigh Wind speed
AtmosphericExtreme Temperature
BiologicEpidemic in humans
Biologic Epidemic in plants
BiologicEpidemic in animals
BiologicEpidemic in animals
Man MadeTransport accidents
Man MadeIndustrial explosion and fires
Man MadeAccidental release of toxic chemicals, radiological, biologic material
Man MadeNuclear Accidents
Man MadeCollapse public buildings
Man MadeAccidental release of toxic chemicals, radiological, biologic material
Man MadeWMD-weapons of mass destruction
Man MadeComputer virus

Section 4

Question Answer
Riskprobability of harmful consequences — casualties, damaged property, lost livelihoods, disrupted economic activity, and damage to the environment — resulting from interactions between natural or human-induced hazards and vulnerable conditions.
HazardAnything that can cause harm
RiskHow great the chance that someone will be harmed by the hazard
Disaster RiskRefers to the expectation value of death, injuries and property losses that would be caused by a hazard
Hazard, Exposure, Vulnerability3 Elements of Disaster Risk
Risk The combination of probability of an event to happen and its negative effects
Exposure Degree to which the element at risk are likely to experience hazard events of different magnitude
VulnerabilityIs the characteristics and circumstances of a community system or asset that make it susceptible to damaging effects of a hazard
Social Integration & Psychological/Physiological Vulnerability has been related to the 2 factors
VulnerabilityIs the combination of all strengths and resources available within the community that can reduce the level of risk or effects of disaster
Risk AssessmentEstimates the impact that a hazard would have on people, services, facilities and structure
Risk mapshows the consequences of an event with a likelihood scale.
Qualitative analysisuse a scale of "Low, Medium, High" to indicate the likelihood of a risk event occurring.
Qualitative analysisdetermine if there are any specific types or categories of risks that would require special attention
Quantitative analysiswill determine the probability of each risk event occurring. For example, Risk #1 has an 80% chance of occurring, Risk #2 has a 27% chance of occurring, and so on.
Qualitative uses a relative or descriptive scale to measure the probability of occurrence whereas quantitative analysis uses a numerical scale.Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative