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Disorder and diseases of Skeletal system

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lilypoh's version from 2016-04-16 14:30

Disorder and diseases of Skeletal system

Disorder and diseases of Skeletal system

Question Answer
ArthritisArthritis is an inflammation of the joints. Monoarticular arthritis is an inflammation of one joint and poly-arthritis is an inflammation of many. It can be acute or chronic
Arthritis a acutesymptoms are heat, redness, and visible inflammation of the affected joints accompanied by severe pain.
Arthritischronicinvolves loss of cartilage, deposition of bone tissue around the joint margins and lesser degrees of pain and inflammation.
GoutA form of arthritis that can occur in any part of the body but often affects the big toe; more common in men than women.
Cause of goutdeposition of uric acid crystals within the joint capsule and cartilage.
Effect of goutattacks of acute gouty arthritis, chronic destruction of joints.
Osteo-Arthritis (also known as degenerative) Causemay be injury of the joint or, if widespread, may be associated with the ageing process.
Effect chronic arthritis of degenerative typecartilage of joint breaks down; usually affects weight-bearing joints like knees, feet and back.
Rheumatoid Arthritis Causean auto immune disease that attacks the Synovial membranes and goes on to degrade and malform the articular surfaces of the bones.
Effect Rjei,atpod arthritisacute and chronic phases with varying degrees of damage and deformity.
Ankylosing spondylitistype of arthritis with acute and chronic phases which results in fusion of the joints of the spine causing severe deformity and immobility.
Fractures can besimple, compound, comminuted, greenstick, complicated
Fractures Simple - When the bone is cracked and then separates, causing little damage to the soft tissue.
Fractures Compound -A bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound.
Fractures Comminuted -A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed.
Fractures Greenstick -A partial fracture of a bone (usually in children); the bone is bent but broken on one side only.
Fractures Complicated -A fracture in which the broken bone penetrates an organ or important structures surrounding it.
OsteoporosisCause: calcium deficiency; accelerated bone loss especially in post-menopausal women. Effect: porosity and brittleness of bones.
Slipped DiscCause: the weakening or tearing of one of the intervertebral discs.
Effect of slipped discdisc bulges or sticks out and this may press on the spinal nerve causing pain.
Stress is any factor which affects mental or physical health. When stressed, muscle tension increases and this causes poor posture (for example hunched shoulders or a clenched jaw), stiff joints and problems with the spinal vertebrae.
El Carpal Tunnel SyndromeA painful disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel; characterized by discomfort and weakness in the hands and fingers and by sensations of tingling, burning or numbness.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) An inflammatory disease of connective tissue with variable features including fever, weakness, fatigue, joint pains and skin lesions.
Cervical spondylitis Is degenerative arthritis of the joints between cervical vertebrae. If severe, it may cause pressure on nerve roots with subsequent pain or parasthesia in the limbs.
Synovitis An inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines a synovial joint; results in pain and swelling.
Whiplash An injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident).
Loss of limb - ProsthesisIs an artificial extension that replaces a missing body part.
Osteomalacia Abnormal softening of bones caused by deficiencies of phosphorus, calcium or vitamin D. This can also be known as rickets.
Osteogenesis imperfecta A disorder of connective tissue characterzised by brittle bones that fracture easily.
Psoriatic Arthritis An immune system disorder that includes both psoriatic skin lesions and joint inflammation, although they may not necessarily occur at the same time.
Paget's diseaseA condition characterized by excessive overgrowth of bone, especially in the spine, pelvis, skull and femur caused by an increase in the osteoclastic and osteoblastic activity of the bone cells.
Ricketsa Bone softening and deforming disease, particularly in children, caused by a deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus that causes bowed legs, knock-knees, or other deformities of the skeleton
memorize
Scleroderma - A chronic auto-immune disease characterized by a hardening or sclerosis in the skin or other organs
Spinal stenosis - A medical condition in which the spinal canal narrows and compresses the spinal cord and nerves