ttran07's version from 2016-02-15 14:46


Question Answer
Health Physical, Mental, and social well-being
DiseaseAn abnormality in a body function that threatens heath
Etiologythe study of the factors that cause a disease
idopathicRefers to a disease with an unkown cause
PathogenesisThe pattern of a disease's development
Epidemiology Is the study of occurrence, distribution, and transmission of diseases in human populations
EdemicDisease are active to a local region
EpidemicsOccur when a disease affect many people at the same time
PandemicsAre widespread, perhaps global epidemics
pathophysiologyThe sky of underlying physiological aspects of disease
Infectious mechanismsPathogenic organisms and particles
Neoplastic mechanismTumors and Cancer
Traumatic mechanismPhysical and Chemical agents
Metabolic mechanismEndocrine imbalances of Malnutrition
Inflamatory MeachnismsAutoimmunity, Inflamation,Degeneration
Risk FactorsGenetic Factors, Age, Lifestyle, Stress, Environmental Factors, Preexisting condistions
VirusesMicroscopic, Intracellular parasites that consist of a nucleic acid core with a protein coat
Mechanisms of DiseasePhysical and chemical agents, Autoimmunity, Inflammation Degeneration
PrionsPathogenic Protein Molecules
BacteriaTiny Cells Without Nuclei
AreobicRequires oxygen
AnaeribucRequires no oxygen
Bacilli Rod Shaped
CocciRound Cells
Sprilaspiral rods
SporesNonreproducing forma of bacteria that resist unfavorable environmental conditions
FungiSimple organisms similar to plants but lacking chlorophyll
YeastSmall, Single-celled Fungi
MoldsLargem multicellular fungi
Mycotic infectionOften resist treatments
ProtozoaLarge one-celled organisms that have organized nuclei
AmoebasPossess pseudopodia
Flagellatesposses flagella
CiliatesPosses Cilia
sporozoa (Coccidia) Enters cells during one phase of a two-part life cycle; borne by vectors during other phase
Pathogenic animalslarge complex multicellular organisms
NEmatodesround worms
AntropodsThere are often vectors of disease (Ticks, spiders, lice fleas, etc)
Opportunistic invasioncan be prevented by avoiding changes in skin and mucous membranes
Transmission by a vectorCan be prevented by reducing the population of vectors and reducing contact with vectors
VaccinationStimulates immunity
ChemicalsDestroy or inhibits pathogens
Neoplasms(Tumors)Abnormal growth of cells
BenignTumors remain localized
Malignant TumorsSpreading Forming secondary tumors
MetastasisCells leave primary tumors and start a secondary tumor at new location
Papillomafingerlike projections
AdemomaGlandular tumor
NevusSmall pigmented tumor
LipomaAdipose(Fat) tumor
Osteomabone tumor
Chondromacartilage tumor
CarcinomasMalignant Epithelial tumors
SarcomasConnective Tissue Cancers
Mye=lomaBone Marrow cancer
Staging Classifying tumors by size and extent spreading
GradingAssessing the likely pattern of a tumors development
Cachexiasyndrome including appetite loss, weight loss, and general weakness

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