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Diseases and Disorder of Respiratory System

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lilypoh's version from 2016-04-16 13:57

Disorder of Respiratory System

Disorder of Respiratory System

Question Answer
Bronchitisinflammation of the bronchial tubes which causes coughing, shortness of breath and fatigue. Causes included smoking and infections
EmphysemaAlveoli stretch and lose their elasticity. This prevents effective breathing, causing cough, shortness of breath, and wheezing
Pleurisyinflmmation of the pleural lining; fluid may develop in pleura. Causes localised chest pain, shortness of breath, cough
Pneumoniainflmmation of lung tissue caused by infection. The lungs fill with fluid, causes cough, fever, fatigue, headache and chest pain can be fatal.
Pulmonary EmbolismA blockage of the pulmonary artery by foreign matter or by a blood clot.
TonsillitisIs an infection of the tonsils and will often, but not necessarily, cause a sore throat and fever.
Cor PulmonaleEnlargement of the right ventricle of the heart due to disease of the lungs or of the pulmonary blood vessels.
Chronic Obstructive Airways Disease (COPD)Refers to chronic bronchitis and emphysema, a pair of two commonly co-existing diseases of the lungs in which the airways become narrowed.
Cystic FibrosisThe most common congenital disease; the child's lungs, intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene; no cure is known.
HyperventilationAn increased depth and rate of breathing, greater than is demanded by the body needs; can cause dizziness and tingling of the fingers and toes and chest pain if continued.
Lung CancerIs a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung or carcinoma of the lungs; one of the commonest forms of cancer.
PertussisWhooping cough: a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane.
PneumothoraxAn abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced as a treatment for tuberculosis).
TuberculosisDisease caused by bacteria, inhaled or eaten (in infected meat or milk). Symptoms include cough, night sweats and fever. BCG injections are used to vaccinate against it.
AsthmaDifficulty in exhalation, coughing and wheezing. Often caused by allergies.
RhinitisStuffy, congested nose and sinuses. Caused by cold, flu, hay fever and sinus infections.
Hay FeverAllergic rhinitis; caused by allergy to certain pollens; symptoms include sneezing, runny nose and eyes and sometimes swelling/itching.
SinusitisInflammation of sinuses, often following respiratory infection; causes headaches and facial pain.
StressStress causes breathing rate to increase.
Common ColdA mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs).
CoughA sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages.
InfluenzaAn acute contagious disease of the upper airways and lungs, caused by a virus, which rapidly spreads.
Pulmonary FibrosisA chronic lung inflammation with progressive scarring of the alveolar walls that can lead to death.
SarcoidosisA chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs, liver, lymph glands and salivary glands.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Sars)A respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia; can be fatal.
SnoringIs the vibration of respiratory structures and the resulting sound, due to obstructed air movement during breathing while sleeping.
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