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Diseases and disorder of muscular system

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lilypoh's version from 2016-04-16 14:45

Diseases and disorder of muscular system

Diseases and disorder of muscular system

Question Answer
Fibromyalgia Causeunknown.
Effect Fibromyalgiapain, stiffness and tenderness of the muscles, tendons and joints. Most common in the back, neck, shoulders and feet.
Cramp Causevigorous exercise and over-exertion; also extreme heat; sodium and/or water depletion. Effect: painful localised and involuntary contraction of one or more muscles.
AtonyLack of normal tone or tension in a muscle.
Atrophy Causeundernourishment; lack of use. Effect: wasting away, or failure to reach normal size, of bulk of muscle.
Myositis Inflammation of a muscle.
RuptureBurst or tear in the fascia or sheath surrounding muscles.
SpasmA more than usual number of muscle fibres in sustained contraction, usually in response to pain. Fibres contract for much longer than is usually necessary.
Spasticity Causeinhibitory nerves have been cut. Effect: spinal reflexes cause sustained
Sprainsudden twist or wrench of the joint's ligaments Effect: an injury or damage to a joint; painful swelling of the joint; the most commonly sprained joint is the ankle (often called a 'twisted ankle'). A sprained ankle is usually caused by the joint 'going over', thus putting all the body weight on the ankle.
Strainoverexertion, over-stretching, over-use; failure to warm up before strenuous activity, especially sport. Effect: an injury to a muscle or its tendon; may occasionally involve rupture (tearing) of muscle fibres, muscle sheath or tendon.
Stress is any factor which affects physical or mental well-being. Effect: excessive muscle tension and subsequent muscle pain, especially in the back and neck.
AdhesionsAre fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs, often as a result of injury.
Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder)Is a disorder in which the connective tissue surrounding the shoulder becomes inflamed and stiff, and grows together with abnormal bands of tissue greatly restricting motion and causing chronic pain.
Achilles TendonitisIs an injury to the achilles tendon generally precipitated by overuse of the affected limb and is more common among athletes training under less than ideal conditions.
LumbagoIs backache affecting the lumbar region or lower back; can be caused by muscle strain or arthritis.
CrampIs an unpleasant, often painful sensation caused by contraction or over-shortening of muscles. Cramps can be caused by cold, overexertion or low calcium levels in blood.
Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)Is a painful inflammation of the tendon at the outer border of the elbow resulting from overuse of lower arm muscles.
Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's Elbow)Is an inflammatory condition of the elbow which in some ways is similar to tennis elbow.
MicrotraumaIs the general term given to small injuries to the body.
Muscle FatigueIs a direct term for the inability to exert force with one's muscles to the degree that would be expected given the individual's general physical fitness.
Repetitive Strain Injury/SyndromePain with associated loss of function in a limb resulting from its repeated movement.
RuptureIs a forcible tearing or disruption of a tissue.
Shin SplintsA painful inflammation of the muscles around the shins; frequent among runners.
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