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Question Answer
Congenital diseases Hare lip, club foot, mongolism, spastic paraplegia
Hereditary diseases Haemophilia, albinism
Dietary deficiency diseases Scurvy, rickets, beri-beri, anaemia
Hormonal diseases Goitre, diabetes mellitus, acromegaly, dwarfism
Infectious diseases (VIRAL) AIDS, chicken pox, common cold, german measles, influenza, jaundice, measles, mumps, poliomyelitis, rabies, dengue fever, lassa fever
Infectious diseases (BACTERIAL) cholera, whooping cough, diptheria, gonorrhoea, leprosy, pneumonia, syphilis, tetanus, typhoid, tuberculosis, plague
Infectious diseases (FUNGAL) ringworm, atheletes’ foot, thrush
Infectious diseases (PROTOZOAN) malaria, amoebic dysentery, sleeping sickness, kala-azar
Infectious diseases (WORMS) filaria, tapeworm, pinworm
Degenerative diseases graying of hair, baldness, presbyopia, cataract, osteoarthritis, Parkinson’s disease, arteriosclerosis
Immunological diseases hay fever, asthma, rheumatoid, arthritis, nettle rash
Neoplastic diseases warts, moles, cancer

Organisms causing Diseases

Question Answer
Vibrio cholerae Cholera
Salmonella typhi Typhoid
Salmonella paratyphi Paratyphoid
Plasmodium Malaria
Varicella zoster Chicken Pox
Rubeola (virus) Measles
Rubella (virus) German Measles
Bordetella pertussis Whooping Cough
Cornebacterium diphtheriae Diphtheria
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Gonorrhea
Mycobacterium leprae Leprosy
Treponema pallidum Syphillis
Clostridium tetani Tetanus
Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Tuberculosis
Yersinia Pestis Plague
Trychophyton rubrum Ringworm, Athlete's foot
Trypanosoma brucei Sleeping sickness
Leishmania Kala Azar
Leptospira Leptospirosis
H1N1 Swine Flu
H5N1 Avian Influenza (Bird flu)

Deficiency Diseases/Conditions

Question Answer
Night Blindness Vitamin A
Beri Beri Vitamin B
Scurvy Vitamin C
Rickets Vitamin D
Sterility Vitamin E
Impaired blood clotting Vitamin K
Anaemia Iron
Osteoporosis Calcium
Goitre Iodine
Kwashiorkor Protein
Xeropthalmia Vitamin A
Hypokalemia Potassium
Hyponatremia Sodium
Hypomagnesemia Magnesium
Pellagra Niacin

Common and Alternative Names of Diseases

Question Answer
Leprosy Hansen's disease
Heart Attack Myocardial infarction
Rabies Hydrophobia
Blood Cancer Leukemia
Baldness Alopecia
Whooping Cough Pertussis
Short-sight Myopia
Long-sight Hypermetropia
Night blindness Nyctalopia
Rabbit fever Tularemia
Colour-blindness Achromatopsia
Lazy eye Amblyopia
Chicken pox Varicella
Plague Black death
Tetanus Lockjaw
German measles Rubella
Mumps Parotitis
Athlete's Foot Tinea Pedis
Kala Azar, Black Fever, Dumdum Fever Visceral leishmaniasis
Sleeping Sickness Human African trypanosomiasis

Disease Body part affected

Question Answer
Glaucoma Eyes
Trachoma Eyes
Scurvy Gums
Rickets Bones
Malaria Spleen
Typhoid Intestine
Goitre Thyroid
Gingivitis Gums
Grave's Diseases Thyroid
Jaundice Liver
Tetanus Skeletal Muscles
Alzheimer's Disease Brain
Arthritis Joints
Colitis Colon
Diphtheria Respiratory tract
Otitis Ears
Psoriasis Skin
Vitiligo Skin
Leprosy Skin and Peripheral nerves

Name of the disease Poisoning effect of

Question Answer
Plumbism Lead
Itai Itai Cadmium
Mad Hatter's Disease Mercury
Minamata Disease Mercury
Byssinosis (Brown Lung disease) Cotton Dust
Mesothelioma Asbestos
White Lung disease Asbestos
Black Lung disease Coal dust
Silicosis Silica Dust
Siderosis Iron Dust

Disorder Feature

Question Answer
Parkinson's Disease It is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that impairs motor skills, cognitive processes, and other functions.
Alzheimer's Disease It is form of dementia characterised by loss of memory, thinking, and changes in behavior.
Down's Syndrome Also called Trisomy 21, it is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically.
Korsakoff's Syndrome It is a neurological disorder caused by the lack of thiamine (vitamin B1) in the brain.
Bulimia It is an eating disorder characterized by restraining of food intake for a period of time followed by an over intake or binging period that results in feelings of guilt and low self-esteem.
Anorexia It is an eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and an obsessive fear of gaining weight, often coupled with a distorted self image
Progeria It is an extremely rare genetic condition wherein symptoms resembling aspects of aging are manifested at an early age.
Dyslexia It is a developmental reading disorder resulting from the inability to process graphic symbols.


Diseases Brief details
Question Answer
Graves Disease Named after Robert Graves, the doctor who first described it, is an autoimmune thyroid disease where the thyroid gland is stimulated by autoantibodies which make it overactive, resulting in increased thyroid hormone production.
Addison's Disease Addison's disease is caused by damage to the adrenal glands which make hormones to control the body’s response to stress and balance body salt and water.
Diabetes Mellitus It is common condition in which the body is unable to produce enough of hormone insulin resulting in high levels of sugar in bloodstream.
Acromegaly It is a condition caused by the overproduction of growth hormone. It leads to an increase in size of the hands and feet, thickening of the skin and a change in the appearance of the face.
Cushing's Syndrome Caused due to excess production of hormone Cortisol or by taking excess steroid medication to treat conditions like asthma, eczema etc

Doctor Specialisation

Question Answer
Neurologist Nervous system
Nephrologist Kidney
Endocrinologist Endocrine glands
Gastroenterologist Digestive system
Hepatologist Liver, pancrease and biliary tree
Haemotologist Blood
Rheumatologist Joints, muscles and bones
Pulmonologist Respiratory tract
Ophthalmologist Eyes
Oncologist Cancer
Dermatologist Skin
Gerontologist Aged persons
Pediatrician Infants and children
Podiatrist Feet

Anti-pyretic : Medicine to reduce the body temperature

Question Answer
Anti-histamine Medicine to provide relief in certain allergies and coughs
Anti-flatulence Medicine to reduce intestinal gas
Anti-spasmodic Medicine to reduce muscular contractions usually in stomach
Antacid Medicine to counteract stomach acidity
Antihelmenthic Medicine used to expel parasitic worms from the body
Aphetamine Medicine used to increase energy and reduce appetite
Anabolic steroid Medicine used to increase muscles to improve performance in sports etc.
Antibiotic Medicine used to cure bacterial infections
Beta-blocker Medicine used to make the heart work more slowly
Decongestant Medicine that helps one to breathe more easily during lung infections
Diuretics Medicine to increase the discharge of urine
Expectorant Medicine which helps in expulsion of mucus from the lungs
Laxative Medicine to provide relief in constipation
Statin Medicine used to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood
Tranquiliser Medicine to reduce anxiety and bring about calmness

Characteristic Drug Name

Question Answer
The drug commonly used for treatment of fever and as a painkiller Paracetamol
The drug commonly used for treatment of asthma Salbutamol
The drug commonly used to treat cold and allergy symptoms of sneezing, itching, watery eyes, or runny nose. Cetirizine
The drug commonly used to treat viral infections especially swine flu (H1N1) Oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
The drug commonly used to prevent and treat malaria Chloroquine
The pain-killer which is banned in many countries due to its liver toxicity (In India it is banned for use by children). Nimesulide
The banned drug usually given to cows and buffaloes to enhance their milk output Oxytocin
The drug commonly sold under the brand name 'Viagra' Sildenafil citrate
he drug which is popularly known as 'Go Pill' and used by pilots to enhance their performance in long duration operations to overcome sleep deprivation and resultant fatigue Modafinil

Form/Scientific Name Common Name

Question Answer
Retinol Vitamin A
Thiamine Vitamin B1
Riboflavine Vitamin B2
Pantothenic Acid Vitamin B5
Pyridoxine Vitamin B6
Niacin or Nicotinic Acid Vitamin B3
Biotin Vitamin B7
Folic Acid Vitamin B9
Cobalamin Vitamin B12
Ascorbic Acid Vitamin C
Calciferol Vitamin D
Tocopherol Vitamin E
Phytomenadione Vitamin K

Phenomenon : Standard Range

Question Answer
Pulse rate 72 pulses/min
Blood Pressure Systolic – <120 mmHg
Diastolic – <80 mmHg
Body Mass Index (BMI) or Quetelet index 20 to 25
below 20 – underweight
above 25 – overweight
Body temperature 37°C (98.6°F)
pH level of human blood 7.35 to 7.45
Eyesight 6/6
Normal Cholesterol level below 200mg/dL
Normal Haemoglobin level Males – 13.8 to 17.2 gms/dL
Females – 12 to 15 gm/dL