Disease of Nervous system

lilypoh's version from 2016-04-16 15:20

Disease and disorder of Nervous system

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Disease and disorde rof nervous system


Question Answer
NeuritisInflammation of a nerve, caused by infection, injury, poison, etc. Effect: pain along the nerve's length and/or loss of use of the structures supplied by the nerve.
Bell's Palsy PInjury or infection of the facial nerve which subsequently becomes inflamed Effect: facial paralysis.
NeuralgiaVarious causes Effect: bouts of burning or stabbing pain along the course of one or more nerves.
SciaticaPressure on the roots of the sciatic nerve often caused by degeneration of an intervertebral disc Effect: pain down the back and outside of the thigh, leg and foot
Parkinson's Diseaseprogressive disease caused by damage to-basal ganglia of the brain and resulting in loss of dopamine (neuro-transmitter). Effect: causes tremor and rigidity in muscles, as well as difficulty and slowness with voluntary movement.
Multiple SCLEROSIS also known as disseminated sclerosis)-loss of the protective myelin sheath from fièrve fibresin the central nervous system Effect: causes muscular weakness, loss of muscular coordination, problems with skin sensation, speech and vision.
Cerebral PalsyDamagetot e-brain,pcaused during birth or resulting from a pre-natal defect. Effect: affects motor system control.
Motor Neurone DiseaseA rare progressive disorder, in which the motor neurones in the body gradually deteriorate Effect: weakness and wasting of muscles
Myalgic Encephalomelitis (ME)Also known as post-viral fatigue or chronic fatigue syndrome. Effect: exhaustion, general aches and pains, headaches and dizziness, inflammation of the brain and spinal cord.
StressStress is any factor that affects mental or physical well-being. Emotions such as anxiety, fear and other negative feelings can affect the nervous system causing increased heart rate, breathing difficulties, sleep disturbances and stomach problems. All of these physical effects are caused by the nervous system over-working in response to stress.
Transient ischaemic attack (TIA)sometimes called a mini-stroke; a temporary restriction of blood supply to the brain, which causes short term symptoms such as temporary vision loss or impairment
Alzhemers diseasethe most common form of dementia in older people that affects many areas of cognitive function
MeningitisAn infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache, stiff neck, fever and nausea.
Myasthenia GravisA chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck).
ParalysisA loss of the ability to move a body part.
Peripheral NeuropathyIs the term for damage to nerves of the peripheral nervous system, which may be caused either by diseases of the nerve or from the side-effects of systemic illness.
PoliomyelitisAn acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord.
Spinal Cord InjuryIs damage to white matter or myelinated fibre tracts that carry signals to and from the brain.
Spina BifidaIs a developmental birth defect involving the neural tube; a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed and the backbone does not form properly.