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Disease and disorder of digestive system

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lilypoh's version from 2016-04-16 08:39

Disease and disorder of digestive system

Disease and disorder of digestive system

 

Question Answer
Anorexia is a loss of appetite. Anorexia nervosa is a psychological condition which often affects teenage girls and young women. The sufferers have a fear of gaining weight or being fat and refuse to eat very much or stop eating altogether. It can be severely debilitating and sometimes fatal.
Appendicitis Acute inflammation of the appendix, usually treated by removal of the organ.
Bulimiais an insatiable hunger during binging episodes coupled with compensatory evacuation methods such as self-induced vomiting and excessive use of laxatives. Bulimia nervosa is a psychological condition which often affects teenage girls and young women, and increasingly young men.
CirrhosisChronic damage to an organ causing hardening. Several types of cirrhosis exist but the most common is cirrhosis of the liver, which is frequently caused by excessive alcohol consumption.
ConstipationInfrequent or uncomfortable bowel movements, causing hard faeces to bloc the rectum. Caused by lack of fibre in the diet, lack of fluids and lack of exercise. Sometimes caused by stress.
Gall StonesStones formed from residues of bile pigments, cholesterol and calcium salts, found in the gall bladder.
HeartburnBurning sensation in oesophagus or throat, caused by back flow and regurgitation of acidic stomach contents.
HerniaA rupture, in which an organ pushes through the surface of the structures which normally hold it in.
JaundiceExcessive levels of bile pigments in the blood cause skin to turn yellow. Caused by malfunctioning gall bladder or obstructed flow of bile.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome No exact cause is yet known for irritable bowel syndrome (sometimes referred to as IBS), though stress and low-fibre, high fat diets are said to contribute. Symptoms include stomach and bowel pain and alternate bouts of diarrhoea and constipation.
StressThe most common effect of stress on the digestive system is ulcers. Anxiety and lack of relaxation cause overproduction of gastric juices and ifthey have nothing to work on they will start to attack the lining of the stomach or other structures. In short, the stomach starts digesting itself!
UlcerErosion in the walls of the digestive system, often caused by too much acid.
Oeliac's Diseasea common bowel condition that is aused by intolerance to a protein called
DiarrhoeaFrequent and watery bowel movements.
FlatulenceA state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal.
GingivitisInflammation of the gums.
Indigestion (Dyspepsia)A disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort, heartburn or nausea.
NauseaIs the sensation of unease and discomfort in the stomach with an urge to vomit.
ObesityIs a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy.
CandidaA fungus, called Candida albicans, which causes yeast infections like thrush in the mouth, throat, intestines and other parts of the body.
ColitisAn inflammation of the large intestine (the colon).
Colitis/Ulcerative ColitisIs a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is a form of colitis, a disease of the intestine, specifically the large intestine or colon, which includes characteristic ulcers, or open sores in the colon.
Crohn's DiseaseA disease of the small intestine that often spreads to the colon. Crohn's disease is characterized by diarrhoea, cramping and loss of appetite and weight, with local abscesses and scarring.
DiverticulosisA condition of the large intestines characterized by the development of weakness in the intestinal wall that permits herniation or outpouching of the intestinal lining. Diverticulosis usually develops as a result of inadequate dietary fibre.
DiverticulitisAn inflammation of a diverticulum in the digestive tract (especially the colon); characterized by painful abdominal cramping, fever and constipation.
EnteritisAn inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine) usually characterized by diarrhoea.
GastritisAn inflammation of the lining of the stomach which is characterized by nausea, loss of appetite and discomfort after eating.
Inflamed Gall BladderAn inflammation of the gall bladder.
Pernicious AnaemiaA chronic progressive anaernia of older adults, thought to be caused by impaired absorption of vitamin B-12 due to the absence of intrinsic factor.
UlcerOesophageal - An ulceration of the oesophagus.
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