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Discourse Analysis - Gaze and Gesture

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ness37's version from 2018-05-01 14:14

Section

Question Answer
GestureIntentional actions, labels actions as deliberate expressiveness. Kendon did a study where actions were classified by respondents as either intentional or unintentional (due to feeling nervous).
GazeSubclass of the gesture system (also used for turn taking, object reference and recipient selection). Speaker doesn't have to gaze at a speaker during a turn but gaze displays engagement. Example of PWA shifting gaze away from audience until they find the target (how many children do you have?)
KendonArgues there is a relationship between gesture and language because gesture makes language more precise. Gesture serves a different but complementary role in conversation
GoodwinArgues that it gaze is used to display 'hearer-ship' - show you are listening/paying attention
Study that looked at gesture and languageMayberry and Jacques found that gesture was co-produced with normal dysfluency but gesture was rarely co-produced with stuttered dysfluency
Mayberry and Jacques Studied stuttered speech and the use of gestures to find out whether they were independent or integrated systems.
Integrated or independent?Assessed PWS and controls on narrating a cartoon to a neutral person. Found that there was a strong effect of stuttering on length and content of narrations. PWS used half as many gestures = integrated system
Aphasia and gestureIt is an interactional adaption which helps PWA to compensate for their limited linguistic system + helps with WFD
Autism and gazeMost of the previous work on autism has focused on their gaze deficit: the associability hypothesis, the theory of mind deficit and the joint attention deficit
Associability hypothesisChild lacks social interest in others
Theory of mind deficit Child is unable to see things from another person's perspective which affects joint attention
Joint attention deficitChild has an apparent failure to initiate or respond to joint attention
Dickerson et al Found that autistic children had competencies using gaze and pointing to accomplish addressing someone, accomplish referring to someone and reference an object (robot example)
Clinical applicationDickerson et al's work showed that a gaze impairment may not be critical to diagnosing a child with autism.
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