Disaster Managment

marissatalley9's version from 2015-06-29 22:59


Question Answer
Disastersevents required to increase efforts beyond those needed to respond to everydy emergencies
natural disastersproduced by epidemics, famine, forces of nature
man-madehuman generated, accidental or intentional
chemicalcontamination of food, water, ventilation systems, other t/m remove, treat, recognize
nuclear/radiologicnuclear power plant, accident, sabatoge "dirty bomb" which discharges radioactive material: alters cell structure
nuclear/radiologic t/mrecognize, protect, evacuate, decontaminate, potassium iodide, monitor for years
bioterrorismuse biological agents to spread disease, targets general population, military
bioterrorism category Aeasily spreads w/ increased potential for mass casualties, panic & disruption
bioterrorism category Bmore difficult to spread w/ moderate illness rates & low death rates
bioterrorism category Cemerging pathogens that could potentially be easily spread & deadly
anthraxspores that can infect humans through touch, ingestion or inhalation
botulismmuscle-paralyzing disease caused by a toxic bacterium that's typically ingested through infected food
smallpoxhighly contagious, fatal, vaccine
plaguecontagious disease caused by bacterium found in rodents & their fleas
tularemiaincreased infection, not contagious, rodent "rabbit fever"
viral hemorrhagic fvergroup disease caused by viruses such as ebole & marbug
primary effects of a disasterrain, wind, burns, disease, immediate effects of disaster itself
secondary effects of a disasterindirect effects that occurs as a result of the disaster, death/injury, rodents, high potential for communicable disease, toxic substances, food shortages, displacement, sanitation problems
1. non-disaster stageperiod of time before threat of disaster materializes, id potential disaster risks & map location, engage in prevention, preparedness & mitigation, important things
2. pre-disaster stagedisaster imminent but not occured, activities include warning, pre-impact, mobilization & evacuation, immed needs to be id'd
3. impact stagewhen disaster hits/happening, emergency personnel won't respond
4. emergency stageimmed response to disaster, early isolation phase, response to disaster comes from community members, later relief phase- assistance provided from outside the area
5. reconstruction stagerestoration- reestablishment of basic way of life (1st 6 months), reconstruction- community has returned as much as possible to nml, *mitigation- future oriented activities to prevent future disasters or min. effects
1. non-disaster phase nurse rolegeared to preventing occurence of a disaster or limiting the consequence, be involved in help educate the public, help to update facility/community/disaster plan, personal disaster plan & survival kit, participate in mock disasters
2. pre-disaster stageresponse to an impending disaster occurence (implementing communities disaster plan), shelter work (set up), report to health care faciliy/remain on duty, make sure personal family cared for
3. impact stageinterventions during the actual disaster
4. emergency stageinterventions during actual disaster, shelter work, remain on duty, triage, assist w/ rescue efforts
5. reconstruction phaserecovery of the community & its members & preventing a recurrence of disaster, assess for post disaster stress, assisting the return to normalcy, evaluate response, mitigation- future oriented activities to prevent disasters or minimize their effects
ethical concernsreverse triage- utilitarism, limited resources, conflict b/w duty to work & duty to family, good of community vs. individual liberties