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Disaccharides And Their Structures

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Updated 2009-01-22 12:12

Disaccharides and their Structures

DisaccharideMonosaccharide Subunits, Glycosidic Linkage
Sucrose (table sugar, cane sugar, saccharose, or beet sugar)Glucose + Fructose, α(1→2)
Lactose (milk sugar)Galactose + Glucose, β(1→4)
Maltose2 Glucose, α(1→4)
Trehalose2 Glucose, α(1→1)α
Cellobiose2 Glucose, β(1→4)
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DisaccharideMonosaccharide Subunits, Glycosidic Linkage
Kojibiose2 Glucose, α(1→2)
Nigerose2 Glucose, α(1→3)
Isomaltose2 Glucose, α(1→6)
β,β-Trehalose2 Glucose, β(1→1)
Sophorose2 Glucose, β(1→2)
Laminaribiose2 Glucose, β(1→3)
Gentiobiose2 Glucose, β(1→6)
TuranoseGlucose + Fructose, α(1→3)
MaltuloseGlucose + Fructose, α(1→4)
PalatinoseGlucose + Fructose, α(1→6)
GentiobiuloseGlucose + Fructose, β(1→6)
Mannobiose2 Mannose, either α(1→2), α(1→3), α(1→4), or α(1→6)
MelibioseGalactose + Glucose, α(1→6)
MelibiuloseGalactose + Fructose, α(1→6)
RutinoseRhamnose + Glucose, α(1→6)
RutinuloseRhamnose + Fructose, β(1→6)
Xylobiose2 Xylopyranose, β(1→4)
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Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disaccharides