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Disability Throughout the Lifespan Exam One Part 2

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achapss's version from 2017-02-14 13:33

Section

Question Answer
What are the five child reflexes?Sucking Reflex (nutrition associated), Rooting Reflex (touching of cheek to search to suck), Moro Reflex (intense noise and movement draw in limbs), Grasping Reflex, Babinski Reflex (toe curling)
What are the three important elements for reaching developmental milestones?posture, stability, gross motor skills
Gross Motor Skillslarge muscle activities as walking and grabbing that require posture
Posturedynamic sensory process that links information with joints and muscles
What development milestone should be seen within 0-1 months?head lifting
What development milestone should be seen within 2-4 months?chest up, using arms for support, rolling over
What development milestone should be seen within 3-6 months?supporting self with legs and some kind of aide
What development milestone should be seen within 5-8 months?sitting without support
What development milestone should be seen within 5-10 months?standing without support
What development milestone should be seen within 6-10 months?pulling self to stand
What development milestone should be seen within 7-13 months?using furniture as walking support
What development milestone should be seen within 10-14 months?standing alone
What development milestone should be seen within 11-14 months?walking alone
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Question Answer
What is the goal in the development of fine motor skills?utilization of the hands as tools
Palmer Graspgrasping with the whole hand
Pincer Graspgrasping with the forefinger and thumb
Perceptual Motor Couplingcreation of eye hand coordination needed to grasp
Within what time frame are fine motor skills developed?first two years
What is different about experienced infants?they look at objects longer, reach for things, put objects in their mouth to test them out
What developmental theories apply to development of sensation and perception?bronfenbrenner's system of the individual and Piaget's theory assimilation and accommodation constantly adapting to the environment and developing new schemas
What is a newborns visual acuity like?20/600 distinct interest in human faces even with black and white images
What is a 6 month olds visual acuity like?20/100 and up
What is a one year olds visual acuity like?almost equivalent to that of an adult
What is the difference between one month old facial recognition and two month old and what is the significance?one month old starts lower at the chin and then ends at the eyes and a two month old begins higher up spending more time on the eyes and forming more of a connection and bond
What developmental theories apply to language development in infants?vygotsky (culture and social environment) and Piaget's stages, importance on the environment
Motheresespeaking to the child at a young age in an excited and high pitch level, engages the child and pulls them in
What pre-language development occurs at 8-12 months? waving and pointing
What language development occurs at 5 months?first word
What language development occurs at 6 months?babbling
What language development occurs at 7-11 months? transition from universal language to specific home language
What language development occurs at 8-12 months?beginning to develop comprehension
What language development occurs at 13 months? comprehension and understanding of about 50 words
What language development occurs at 18 months? around 50 words of speaking classified as vocabulary spurt period common overextension and underextension
What language development occurs at 18-24 months (two years)? telegraphic two word speaker
Recastingrepeating what a child is trying to say in order to correct and enhance their language
Expanding Staterestating a sentence to clarify what the infant is trying to say and enhance it for the future
Labellingrenaming something that an infant incorrectly labels in order to enhance for the future
Stranger Anxietyfear that begins around 6 months and intensifies at 9 escalating as one year approaches depending on distance of mother, familiarity of environment and stranger's behavior
What is the most important element for the development of personality?trust
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Section

Question Answer
placenta previacause of preterm baby misplacement of placenta
why can't a baby simply be delivered at 30 weeks and what components have developed at this time?the baby weighs 2.5-3lb which is half the healthy birth weight all of the parts are there but the muscles are still developing
What are indicators of a baby that experienced complete intrauterine development?antibacterial ointment under eyes, pink skin and fleshy, umbilical cord clipped, proper tucking in of arms and legs
What are indicators of a baby that experienced extrauterine development?placed in an isolate in the NICU, needs proper wrapping no "frog position"
What are the A's and B's of premature babies and what does this mean?apnea - pause in breathing for 20 sec or more Bradycardia - less than 60 BPM, the baby can not be released unless clear of both for 24 hours
Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)lungs are not fully developed and lack surface area have a hard time expanding
How can RDS be treated?steroid shot during pregnancy but can also give ADD and cause hemorrhage
Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVF)first few days post birth brain bleeding usually attributed to hypotension LBP, lack of oxygen and respiratory distress syndrome
Patent Ductis Arteriosis (PDA)issue with two major vessels that lead to the heart can lead to improper blood flow of oxygen poor blood to the heart, does not need to be treated immediately
Necrotizing Entercolitis (NEC)GI system issues that can cause death if untreated, increased with bottle feeding
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)muscles and blood vessels around the retina gain too much oxygen supply
Anemianot enough RBCs add iron to milk to help
Jaundiceunderdeveloped liver unable to metabolize bilirubin leading to yellow tinge, weak blood brain barrier makes this dangerous, treated with UV light
Bronco pulmonary Dysplasia (BPD)fluid in the lungs, scarring, lung damage
Kangaroo Caredeveloped due to lack of isolates in South America, baby and caretaker "skin to skin" contact, can improve growth and development
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