Disability Exam 2 Part Two

achapss's version from 2017-03-19 20:42


Question Answer
What are the risk factors for ASD?inherited genetics, multiple gene interaction, genetic mutation with older parents, pesticides and environmental interaction as air pollution, teratogens
Applied Behavioral AnalysisASD treatment, expensive and long 20+ hrs, positive reinforcement of behavior and skills working with the child one on one usually in their own home at an early age as soon as language develops, the goal is to get them to as close as possible to normal functioning
Early Start Denver ModelASD treatment of ABA and social therapies
What are some treatments for ASD?ABA, Early Start Denver Model, educational and behavioral training most consistent and positive, medications
What are the red flags for ASD?lack of early babbling, delayed first word and responsive gestures, response to name, odd movement patterns, poor eye contact, essentially living in their own world
Rettsrare neurological disorder, small hands and feet and disproportionate head and body
PDDNOSdoes not meet criteria for ASD, persistent development disorder, some characteristics more mild and some more severe
Child Disintegrative Disorderrare late onset developmental delays or reversals in language, motor function, and social skills
Aspergersissues with social interaction, restrictive range of interest and repetitive behavior, high functioning
Symptoms of ASDpretend play, issues in social interaction, over sensitive, error in reflexive responses, trouble locating and focusing, unusual attachments to things, error in identification of self, repeated and odd movements
What did the change from DSM 4 to 5 do?now each disorder can be grouped under ASD
What are the criteria areas for the DSM5 Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis?impairments in social and emotional communication and interaction and restricted repetitive patterns in behavior/interest/activities

Section 2

Question Answer
When is the adolescent brain usually fully developed?around 25 years of age
What three areas of the brain are important in emotional development of adolescents?amygdala, prefrontal cortex, corpus collosum
amygdala in adolescent brainemotion seat, develops very quickly and usually before other areas making it challenging to regulate and control
prefrontal cortex in adolescent brainarea of judgement and intense emotion not fully developed until around 25
corpus collosum in adolescent brainnerve fibers connecting the brain hemispheres that thicken immensely during adolescence to more effectively process information
Identity Confusiongap between autonomy of adulthood and dependence of childhood
What are the two elements of egocentrism in adolescent development?personal fable and imaginary audience
Personal Fableadolescent egocentric element where the child feels invincible "that won't happen to me" and as if they are the first person to experience things for the first time ex: love, know every has it but feel as if their experience with it is entirely unique
Imaginary Audienceadolescent egocentric element where the child perceives that people are constantly watching and judging everything they do, this effects how they hold themselves and act
What does Piaget say about adolescent development?that it takes place in his formal operational stage and includes more abstract thoughts and critical reasoning and thinking
What are the dilemmas of adolescent development?decision making, conformity, independence vs attention, ideal vs real, maturing cognitive ability
Harry Stack Sullivan Theory of adolescencepeer groups and cliques are a precursor to adulthood and are vital for the transition from relying on family to friends