Digestive system

laurabockoff's version from 2017-05-24 10:29

Section 1

Question Answer
peristalsisthe involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward.
absorptionmain function of the small intestines; is the process where nutrients enter the body
Nasopharynxrespiratory passage
Oropharynxposterior to oral cavity
laryngopharynxleads to the esophagus

Section 2

Question Answer
digestbreakdown of food for energy
pyloric sphincter (valve)controls the flow of partially digested food from the stomach to the small intestine.
ruggaedeep folds
Gastric Juicereleased in the stomach
chief cells produces protein digestive enzymes

Section 3

Question Answer
parietal cellssecrete hydrochloric acid
Cecuma pouch connected to the junction of the small and large intestines.
appendixworm like organ where bacteria may grow
bilephysical breakdown of fat. Fluid that aids digestion. made in liver stored in Gall bladder
deciduous teethhave completely formed by age 2
illeocecal sphincterprevents material from flowing back from the large to the small intestine

Section 4

Question Answer
microvillitiny projections of mucous cells
Chymemade up of digested food.Resemebles a heavy cream. Very acidic
emulsificationphysical breakdown of fat. Main function of bile