Create
Learn
Share

Digestive Enzymes

rename
stephanienasca9's version from 2015-04-12 05:25

Section 1

Question Answer
NucleosidaseProduced by absorptive cells in the duodenum. Final nucleotide digestion.
Aminopeptidase and carboxypeptidase Produced by absorptive cells in the duodenum. Final carbohydrate and amino acid digestion.
Glucoamalayse, lactase, sucrase, maltaseProduced by absorptive cells in the duodenum. Final digestion of sugars.
EnteropeptidaseProduced by absorptive cells in the duodenum. Activated trypsinogen to become trypsin in the duodenum.
Gastric lipaseProduced by chief cells in the stomach. Digests 30% of lipids.
PepsinogenProduced by chief cells in the stomach. Inactive enzyme that must combine with HCl to become its active form, pepsin. Digests proteins.
Chymotrypsinogen Inactive enzyme. Produced by pancreatic acini. Activated by trypsin to become chymotrypsin in the duodenum. Digests proteins.
Salivary amalayse In saliva. Produced by mucus and serous glands. Begins breakdown of complex carbs in the mouth.
Lingual lipaseIn saliva. Produced by mucus and serous glands. Begins breakdown of lipids once in the stomach.
Hydrochloric acid Produced by parietal cells in the stomach. Keeps stomach ph low, needed to activate pepsinogen.
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Intrinsic factorProduced by parietal cells in the stomach. Required for B12 absorption (needed for RBC production)
Pro carboxypeptidase Inactive enzyme produced by pancreatic acini. Activated by trypsin in the duodenum to become carboxypeptidase. Digests proteins.
TrypsinogenInactive enzyme produced by pancreatic acini. Activated by enteropeptidase in the duodenum to become trypsin. Digests proteins.
Deoxyribonuclease Produced by pancreatic acini. Digests deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Ribonuclease Produced by pancreatic acini. Digests ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Pancreatic lipaseProduced by pancreatic acini. Digests 70% of lipids.
Pancreatic amalayseProduced by pancreatic acini. Digests carbs, once in the duodenum.
BileProduced by the liver, stored in the gallbladder. Contains bike salts that function in fat emulsification, mechanical digestion, and absorption.
Defensins and lysozymes Produced by paneth cells in the duodenum. Antimicrobial.
memorize