Diff. types of bones

puwavisa's version from 2016-11-05 19:07

Section 1

Question Answer
long bone descriptionlong, thin
long bones foundarms, legs, hands, feet, fingers, toes
diaphysisthe shaft
epiphysiswide part @ each end, articulation w/ other bones
metaphysiswhere diaphysis and epiphysis meet

Section 2

Question Answer
flat bone descriptionthin with parallel surfaces
flat bones foundskull, sternum, ribs, scapula, mandible
sutural bones small, irregular bones found between flat bones of skull
irregular bonescomplex shapes, like spinal vertebrae
short bones descriptionsmall and thick
short bones foundankle, wrist bones
Sesamoid bones descriptionsmall, flat
sesamoid bones foundinside tendons near joints of knees, hands, and feet

Section 3

Question Answer
depressions or grooves foundalong bone surface
porjections foundwhere tendons and ligaments attatch, @ articulations with other bones
tunnels foundwhere blood and nerves enter bone
2 types of bone markingsprojections and depressions
elevations and projections
ramusextension of a bone making an angle with the rest of the structure
processany projection or bump

Section 4

Question Answer
trochanterlarge, rough projection
tuberositysmaller, rough projection
tuberclesmall, rounded projection
crestprominent ridge
linelow ridge
spinepointed process
proccesses fromed where tendons or ligaments attach

Section 5

Question Answer
processes formed for articulation with adjacent bones
headexpanded articular end of an epiphysis, separated from shaft by neck
necknarrow connection between epiphysis and diaphysis
condylesmooth, rounded articular process
trochleasmooth, grooved articular process shaped like a pulley
facetsmall, flat articular surface

Section 6

Question Answer
fossashallow depression
sulcusnarrow groove

Section 7

Question Answer
foramenrounded passageway for blood vessels or nerves
canalpassageway through the substance of a bone
fissureelongate cleft
sinus or atrumchamber within a bone, normally filled with air

Section 8

Question Answer
what do depressions doallow blood vessels or nerves to pass through
meatuscanal or tube
fissure cavity within a bone filled with air, line with mucous membranes
foramenround or oval opening
sulcuse, groove, furrowshallow depression

Section 9

Question Answer
what does the axial skeleton formlongitudinal axis of the body
how many bones in axial skeleton80