bjtmeyer's version from 2016-09-22 17:28
|Anteriography||Radiograph that visualizes injected radiopaque dye in an artery. |
Used to identify arteriosclerosis, tumors or blockages
|Arthrography||Invasive test utilizing a contrast medium to provide visualization of joint structures through radiographs. |
Soft tissue disruption can be identified by leakage from the joint cavity and capsule
|Bone Scan||Invasive test that utilizes isotopes to identify stress fractures, infection, and tumors. |
Can identify bone disease or stress fractures with as little as 4-7% bone loss
|Computed tomography||Produces cross-sectional images based on x-ray attenuation. |
Commonly used to diagnose spinal lesions and in diagnostic studies of the brain.
|Dopplet ultrasonography||Non-invasive test that evaluates blood flow in the major veins, arteries, and cerebrovascular system.|
|Electrocardiography||Recording electrical activity of the heart. |
Used to help identify conduction abnormalities, cardiac arrhythmias, and myocardial ischemia.
|Electroencephalography||Recording of the electrical activity of the brain. |
Used to assess seizure activity, metabolic disorders, and cerebellar lesions.
|Electromyography||Recording of the electrical activity of a selected muscle or muscle groups at rest and during voluntary contraction. |
Commonly used to assess peripheral nerve injuries and to differentiate between various neuromuscular disorders.
|Fluroscopy||Designed to show motion in joints through x-ray imaging. This technique permits objects placed between a fluorescent screen and a roentgen tube to become visible. Not used commonly due to excessive radiation exposure.|
|Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)||Non-invasive technique that utilizes magnetic fields to produce an image of bone and soft tissue. |
Provides images of soft tissue structures such as muscles menisci, ligaments, tumors, and internal organs.
|Myelography||Invasive test that combines fluoroscopy and radiography to evaluate the spinal subarachnoid space. |
Used to identify bone displacement, disk herniation, spinal cord compression or tumors.
|Venography||Radiograph that visualizes injected radiopaque dye in a vein. |
Used to identify tumors or blockages in the venous network.
|X-ray||Radiographic photograph commonly used to assist with the diagnosis musculoskeletal problems such as fractures, dislocations, and bone loss.|