Diagnostic procedures

tigrebright's version from 2015-11-30 06:16


Question Answer
assessmentthe evaluation or appraisal of the patient's condition
observationincludes overall appearance,emotional affect, ambulation
vital signsfour key indications that the body systems are functioning; they are: temp, pulse, respiration and bp
v.s.s.vital signs stable
feveroral body temp of 100 or higher
hyperthermiaextremely high fever
hypothermiaabnormally low body temp
pulserhythmic pressure against the walls of an artery caused by the beating of the heart
pulse points on the bodyarterial, carotid, brachial, radial, femoral, popliteal, dorsalis pedis
normal resting heart rateadults - 60-100 bpm; newborn - 100-160 bpm; athletes - 40-60 bpm
respirationaka respiratory rate; number of breaths per minute
normal respiration rate12-20 respirations per minute
blood pressureforce of blood against the walls of the arteries
sphygmomanometermeasures blood pressure
systolicthe first beat heard
diastolicthe last beat heard
painsometimes considered the 5th vital sign
pain rating scalethe patients describes his level of pain from 1-10
acute paincomes on quickly, can be severe, and lasts a short time
chronic paincan be mild or severe; persists over a longer period of time and is resistant to most treatments
auscultationlistening for sounds within the body
raleaka crackle; abnormal crackle-like lung sound heard during inhalation
rhonchicoarse rattling sounds somewhat like snoring usually caused by secretions in the bronchial airways
stridorabnormal, high-pitched, musical breathing sound caused by a blockage in the throat or in the larynx
lubb heart soundheard first; caused by tricuspid and mitral valves closing
dupp heart soundshorter, higher pitched sound heard second; caused by the closing of the semilunar valves
bruitan abnormal sound or murmur heard during the auscultation of an artery; usually due to partially blocked, narrowed or diseased artery
thrillan abnormal rhythmic vibration felt when palpating an artery
heart murmurabnormal heart sound most commonly a sign of a defective heart valve
abdominal soundsaka bowel sounds;normal noises made by the intestines; auscultation of the abdomen used to evaluate these sounds and detect abmormalities
palpationhands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency and location of certain body parts
percussionused to determine the density of a body part by the sound produced by tapping the surface with the fingers