Diagnostic procedures of the urinary system

tigrebright's version from 2015-10-12 16:38

Section 1

Question Answer
urinalysisthe examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements
bladder ultrasoundthe use of a handheld ultrasound transducer to look for stones or for elevation of the bladder by an enlarged prostate, and to measure the residual amount of urine remaining in the bladder after urination
urinary catheterizationthe insertion of a tube into the bladder to procure a sterile specimen for diagnostic purposes; also used to drain urine from the bladder when the patient is unable to urinate for other reasons
cystoscopythe visual examination of the urinary bladder with the use of a specialized type of endoscope
cytoscopespecialized type of endoscope used to examine the urinary bladder
voiding cystourethrographya diagnostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra
computed tomographyaka CAT scan;primary tool for evaluation of the urinary system;can be rapidly performed;provides additional imaging of the abdomen
nephrotommographythe use of CAT scan to examine the kidneys

Section 2

Question Answer
cystographyradiographic examination of the bladder after a contrast medium in instilled via a urethral catheter
intravenous pyelogramaka excretory urography;radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters after a contrast medium is administered intravenously;used to diagnose changes in the urinary tract
KUBaka kidneys, ureters, bladder;radiographic study without the use of a contrast medium;used to detect bowel obstructions and nephroliths
retrograde urographya radiograph of the urniary systme taken after a c ontrast medium has been placed in the urethra a sterile catheter and caused to flow upward through the urinary tract
digital rectal examinationperformed on men by using a lubricated, gloved finger placed in the rectum to palpate the prostate gland to detect prostate enlargement and to look for indications of prostate cancer or tumors of the rectum
prostate-specific antigen testaka PSA; blood test used to screen for prostate cancer;test measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen present in a blood specimen
prostate-sepcific antigena protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland to help liquefy semen