Diagnostic procedures of the digestive system

tigrebright's version from 2015-10-14 12:51

Section 1

Question Answer
abdominal computed tomographya radiographic procedure that produces a detailed cross-section of the tissue structures of the abdomen
abdominal ultrasoundnoninvasive test used to visualize internal organs using very high-frequency sound waves
cholangiographya radrographic examination of the bile ducts with the use of a contrast medium; used to identify obstructions in the liver of bile ducts that slow or block the flow of bile from the liver
enemathe placement of a solution into the rectum and colon to empty the lower intestine through bowel activity
esophagogastroduodenoscopyan endoscope procedure that allows direct visualization of the upper GI tract
upper GI series; lower GI seriesradiographic studies to examine the digestive system; a contrast medium is needed to make these structures visible
barium swallowused for an upper GI series of tests
barium enemaused for a lower GI series of tests
stool samplesspecimens of feces that are examined for content and characteristics
endoscopean instrument used for visual examination of internal structures
anascopythe visual examination of the anal canal and lower rectum
capsule endoscopythe use of a tiny video camera in a capsule that the patient swallows

Section 2

Question Answer
colonoscopythe direct visual examination of the inner surface of the entire colon from the rectum to the cecum
virtual colonoscopyuses x-rays and computers to produce two-and three- dimensional images of the colon
sigmoidoscopyendoscopic examination of the interior rectum;sigmoid colon, and possible a portion of the descending colon
Hemoccult testaka fecal occult blood test; a laboratory test for hidden blood in the stools