Diagnosis and treatment; endocrine system

tigrebright's version from 2015-11-16 13:49

Section 1

Question Answer
radioactive iodine uptake testuses radioactive iodine administered orally to measure thyroid function
thyroid-stimulating hormone assaydiagnostic test to measure the circulation blood level of thyroid-stimulating hormone; used to detect abnormal thyroid activity resulting from excessive pituitary stimulation
thyroid scana form of nuclear medicine that measures thyroid function
fasting blood sugar testmeasures the glucose levels after the patient has not eaten for 8 to 12 hours; used to screen for and monitor diabetes
oral glucose tolerance testperformed to confirm a diagnosis diabetes mellitus and to aid in diagnosing hypoglycemia
home blood glucose monitoringmeasures the current blood sugar level
hemoglobin A1c testinga blood test that measures the average blood glucose level over the previous 3 to 4 months
fructosamine testmeasures average glucose levels over the previous 3 weeks;able to detect changes more rapidly that the HbA1c test

Section 2

Question Answer
human growth hormoneadministered to stimulate growth when the natural supply of growth hormone is insufficient for normal development
hypophysectomythe removal of abnormal glandular tissue
pinealectomythe surgical removal of the pineal gland
antithyroid druga medication administered to slow the ability of the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones
radioactive iodine treatmentoral administration of radioactive iodine to destroy thyroid cells;used to treat thyroid cancer and chronic hyperthyroid disorders
lobectomysurgical removal of one lobe of the thyroid gland
synthetic thyroid hormonesadministered to replace lost thyroid function
parathyroidectomysurgical removal of one or more of the parathyroid glands; performed to control hyperparathyroidism
thymectomysurgical removal of the thymus gland
pancreatectomysurgical removal of all or part of the pancreas
total pancreatectomy;also involves removing the spleen, gallbladder, common bile duct, and portions of the small intestine and stomach
laparoscopic adrenalectomya minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove one of both adrenal glands
cortisoneadministered to suppress inflammation and act as an immunosuppressant
synthetic epinephrineused as vasoconstrictor to cause the blood vessels to contract; used to treat conditions such as allergic reactions, shock and mild asthma

Section 3

Question Answer
ADHantidiuretic hormone
DIdiabetes insipidus
DMdiabetes mellitus
Epi, EPIepinephrine
FBSfasting blood sugar
FAfructoasmine test
GDGraves's disease
LADAlatent autoimmune diabetes
TSHthyroid stimulating hormone