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DI lecture hypokalemia Part 1

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alchemist04's version from 2016-10-02 05:08

Section

Question Answer
What is the range of Hypokalemia?< 3.5 mEq/L
What is the range for hyperkalemia?> 5 mEq/L
What is the range of Hypomagnesemia?<1.6 mEq/L
What is the range of Hypermagnesemia?> 2.5 mEq/L
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Question Answer
What are the common drugs that could cause Hypokalemia? (1)(1) Loop Diuretics
What are the common drugs that could cause Hypokalemia? (2)(2) B-2 agonist
What are the common drugs that could cause hypokalemia? (3)(3) Insulin
What are the common drugs that could cause hypokalemia? (4)(4) Albuterol
What are the common drugs that could cause hypokalemia? (5)(5) Laxative
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Question Answer
What is the effect of B2 receptor agonist on K+?Reduces K+ level
What is the effect of B2 receptor antagonist on K?Increases K+ level
A patient with low K= is discovered to be on ADH and it's effect is causing hyperaldosterorism, how would this affect the patient's K+?The pt K will go down bc there will be an increase in Na+
Does Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate (Kayexalate) cause hyperkalemia or hypokalemia?It causes hypokalemia. Hence it is used for hyperkalemia treatment
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Question Answer
What is the effect of high glycemic index on K?Reduces K+ level
What is the effect of high Na+ or Osmolality on K?Hyperkalemia
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Question Answer
What is the effect of Acidosis on K+?Hyperkalemia
What is the effect of Alkalosis on K+?Hypokalemia
T or F? Hypomagnesemia promotes renal loss of K+?hypokalemia
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Question Answer
Which of the two causes hyperkalemia and which one causes hypokalemia, Intercellular shift or Extra cellular shift?Intercellular shift causes hypokalemia
What are the mediators for intercellular shifts?(1) Catecholamines (2) Insulin
What is the General Rule for Hypokalemia treatment per the use of Potassium Chloride?Every 10 mEq of KCl will increase serum K+ by 0.1 mEq/L
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