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Development of Agriculture and Technology

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celine's version from 2018-07-05 17:43

Section 1

Question Answer
The transition from foraging to the cultivation of food occurring about 8000–2000 B.C.E.; also known as the Neolithic Revolution.Agricultural Revolution
The belief that spirits inhabit the features of natureAnimism
An object made by human hands.Artifact
A term for hunting and gathering.Foraging
The later part of the Stone Age, called the New Stone Age, lasted from around 8000 B.C.E. to 3000 B.C.E.Neolithic Age
Fundamental shift in the way humans produced food, involving domestication, pastoralism, and sedentism. Led to increased food production per area of land, which led to a population boom and the start of "civilization". c. 10,000 BCENeolithic Revolution
The period of the Stone Age associated with the evolution of humans. It predates the Neolithic period.Paleolithic Age
The herding of domesticated animals. Complemented farming. Showed that specialization of labor had occurred, meaning enough food was being produced to support people not directly involved in making that food. c. 5,500 BCE.Pastoralism
An agricultural method in which farmers clear fields by cutting and burning trees, then use the ashes as fertilizer.Slash-and-burn cultivation
The division of labor that aids the development of skills in a particular type of work.Specialization of labor
Early agriculture in the Americasbegan later than in the Eastern Hemisphere
The Agricultural Revolutionsaw the use of agricultural methods that encouraged migration
During the Agricultural Revolution, womenobserved and studied the agricultural environment
The Neolithic Agesaw the beginnings of urbanization
Early urban dwellerssaw the need for a government
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Section 2

Question Answer
Early agriculture in the Americas (A) developed as a result of cultural diffusion from the Eastern Hemisphere (B) featured the domestication of larger animals than in the Eastern Hemisphere (C) began later than in the Eastern Hemisphere (D) did not produce the wide variety of crops that the Eastern Hemisphere did(C) began later than in the Eastern Hemisphere
The Agricultural Revolution (A) began with an extensive pattern of cultural diffusion (B) occurred about the same time throughout the world (C) was an abrupt process beginning in 8000 BCE (D) saw the use of agricultural methods that encouraged migration(D) saw the use of agricultural methods that encouraged migration
During the Agricultural Revolution, women (A) participated in hunting activities with men (B) experienced a decrease in status (C) were not represented in neolithic art (D) observed and studied the agricultural environment(D) observed and studied the agricultural environment
The Neolithic Age (A) saw the beginnings of urbanization (B) saw the process of agriculture carried out without the use of metal tools (C) produced societies without class distinctions (D) saw a decline in global populations(A) saw the beginnings of urbanization
Early urban dwellers (A) were dominated by peoples in agricultural settlements (B) left the pursuit of religious practices to agricultural peoples (C) saw the need for a government (D) were offered few opportunities to carry out specialized tasks(C) saw the need for a government
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